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Race, Ethnicity, Gender

 
Multi EthnicUrban Institute researchers examine gender inequalities, racial segregation, and the mutually reinforcing disparities they cause in education, housing, employment, income, and health care.

Our experts analyze race and gender gaps in student test scores, measure unequal treatment toward minorities in the housing market, and study the persistent discrimination that feeds wealth and income gaps. We also probe the unique challenges of single mothers, noncustodial fathers, and hard-to-employ young men—and evaluate the public and private programs designed to help them.

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Viewing 1-5 of 441. Most recent posts listed first.Next Page >>

Factors that Influence Preventive Service Utilization among Children Covered by Medicaid and CHIP: Environmental Scan and Literature Review (Research Report)
Vanessa C. Forsberg, Rebecca Peters, Amanda I. Napoles, Arnav Shah, Christal Ramos, Kelly J. Devers

This environmental scan report compiles and assesses the available literature from the last 5 years on preventive health care services for child beneficiaries (including adolescents) in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). It addresses preventive service utilization patterns and barriers, cost and health outcomes associated with prevention, and activities designed to improve preventive service rates and outcomes. This report is intended to help inform the development and dissemination of resources for states to use in their efforts to increase the utilization of recommended preventive services by Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries.

Posted to Web: September 17, 2014Publication Date: April 15, 2014

Factors that Influence Preventive Service Utilization among Adults Covered by Medicaid: Environmental Scan and Literature Review (Research Report)
Christal Ramos, Anna C. Spencer, Arnav Shah, Ashley Palmer, Vanessa C. Forsberg, Kelly J. Devers

This environmental scan report compiles and assesses the available literature from the last 5 years on preventive health care services for adult beneficiaries in Medicaid. It addresses preventive service utilization patterns and barriers, cost and health outcomes associated with prevention, and activities designed to improve preventive service rates and outcomes. This report is intended to help inform the development and dissemination of resources for states to use in their efforts to increase the utilization of recommended preventive services by Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries.

Posted to Web: September 17, 2014Publication Date: April 15, 2014

Transforming Performance Measurement for the 21st Century (Research Report)
Harry P. Hatry

While substantial progress has been made in spreading performance measurement across the country and world, much of the information from performance measurement systems has been shallow. Modern technology and the considerable demand for information on progress in achieving the outcomes of public programs and policies are creating major opportunities for considerably improving the usefulness of performance information. This report provides a number of recommendations to help public and private service organizations take advantage of these opportunities, particularly for:(a) selecting appropriate performance indicators and data collection procedures; (b) analyzing and reporting the information; and (c) using the information to improve services.

Posted to Web: July 30, 2014Publication Date: July 30, 2014

Wealth in America: Policies to Support Mobility (Research Brief)
Signe-Mary McKernan, Caleb Quakenbush, Caroline Ratcliffe, C. Eugene Steuerle

What role can policymakers play in helping families rebuild their balance sheets after the Great Recession and in helping young families, families of color, and those with less education who were falling behind even prior to it? This brief, based on a convening of nearly 25 national wealth-building experts, presents the facts and identifies four promising policy reforms: (1) providing universal children’s savings accounts; (2) reforming the mortgage interest deduction to better target incentives; (3) expanding access to retirement accounts and automatic enrollment; and (4) promoting emergency savings while addressing barriers such as asset tests in safety net programs.

Posted to Web: July 22, 2014Publication Date: July 22, 2014

Examining Racial Disparities in the Sixth Judicial District of Iowa’s Probation Revocation Outcomes (Research Report)
Helen Ho, Justin Breaux, Jesse Jannetta, Malinda Lamb

The Urban Institute examined racial disparities in the probation revocation rates in Iowa’s Sixth Judicial District. Black probationers in the study sample were revoked at significantly higher rates than both white and Hispanic probationers. Disparities in revocation outcomes persisted after controlling for available legal and demographic factors. A little over half of the black-white disparity in revocation rates was attributable to group differences in characteristics other than race. This brief situates the study in the context of the SJD’s past efforts addressing disparities in probation processes and outcomes and discusses potential future directions in light of the study findings.

Posted to Web: July 08, 2014Publication Date: June 30, 2014

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