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This fact sheet is the first in a series of publications on children of immigrants in the United States that updates the Urban Institute's May 2006 fact sheet that described the circumstances of these children in the early 2000s. The current fact sheet examines immigration trends and finds that children of immigrants are the fastest growing segment of the nation's children population – while the number of children of natives increased by 2.1 million between 1990 and 2007, children of immigrants grew by 8.1 million accounting for 77 percent of the growth of the U.S. children population during this time.
This fact sheet is the first in a series of publications on
children of immigrants. The series updates the Urban
Institute’s May 2006 fact sheet that described the
characteristics of children of immigrants in the early 2000s.
The current series profiles the population of children of
immigrants in the United States using data from the 2007
American Community Survey and other sources.
Children in immigrant families are the fastest growing
segment of the nation’s children population. While the
number of children in native families grew by 2.1 million
between 1990 and 2007, children of immigrants increased
by 8.1 million during this time. The share of children that
have at least one foreign-born parent rose rapidly as a result,
and now children of immigrants represent more than one in
five U.S. children.
Most 1990–2007 Growth in U.S.
Children Is from Children of
- The rising number of children of
immigrants follows directly from
the rapid growth in immigration
since 1990, with the number of
immigrants in the United States
nearly doubling from 19.8 million
to 38.1 million between 1990 and
2007. The growth rate was fastest
in the 1990s, when the immigrant
population reached 31.1 million in
2000, but the numbers continued
to increase steadily during the
2000s and reached 38.1 million in
- As a result, the number of children
age 0 to 17 with immigrant parents
increased from 8.3 million in 1990
to 13.3 million in 2000 and 16.4
million in 2007. The increase represents
a doubling of this population
- Children of immigrants contributed 77 percent of the
increase in the number of U.S. children between 1990
and 2007. While children of immigrants increased by 8.1
million during this time, children of natives increased
more modestly. Between 2000
and 2007, the number of children of natives actually
declined by 1.2 million, while the number of children of
immigrants continued to grow.
(End of excerpt. The entire factsheet is available in PDF format.)
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