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Welfare Time Limits

A Closer Look

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Document date: October 23, 2001
Released online: October 23, 2001

CONTACT: Renu Shukla (202) 261-5278 rshukla@ui.urban.org

Welfare Time Limits: A Closer Look

The federal lifetime time limit for families receiving welfare went into effect as early as October 1, depending on when states implemented their new welfare plans. States can exempt 20 percent of their welfare caseload from the lifetime limit and use their own money to extend benefits to those reaching the federal limit. The map below and following calendar illustrate when lifetime time limits go into effect in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

This item is also available as a PDF.

When Could Families on Welfare Reach
Their First Possible TANF Lifetime Limit?


TANF Lifetime Time Limits Calendar:
Earliest Possible Dates around the Country
1997 May Indiana
  October Connecticut
1999 February Wyoming
  July Idaho
2000 January Utah
  July Arkansas
  October Delaware, Ohio
2001 January Georgia
  June Tennessee
  October Kansas, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
  November Alabama, Kentucky, Maine
  December Hawaii, Maryland, New York, South Dakota
2002 January Iowa, West Virginia
  February Montana
  March District of Columbia, Pennsylvania
  April New Jersey
  May Rhode Island
  July Alaska, Colorado, Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, New Mexico, North Dakota
  August Washington
2003 January California
  October Florida
2005 January Nevada
2006 July Virginia
2007 January Texas
  October North Carolina
2008 January Louisiana
2017 October South Carolina
Notes: Michigan and Vermont do not impose time limits. Arizona, Massachusetts, Nebraska, and Oregon do impose time limits that interrupt or limit benefits for a period of time, but do not eliminate benefits permanently.

Source: Urban Institute, 2001

Topics/Tags: | Poverty, Assets and Safety Net

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