More than one in five children in the United States has at least one immigrant parent.
- More than half of children of immigrants are Hispanic.
- In 1970, one in twenty Americans was of Hispanic origin; in 2010, one in six is.
- Children of immigrants account for almost the entire growth in the population of children between 1990 and 2008.
- Children of immigrants have lower rates of preschool enrollment than children of natives, but by ages 5 to 8, they have slightly higher rates of public school enrollment than children of natives.
- By age 8, half of children of immigrants are bilingual.
- The vast majority (93 percent) of children of immigrants are U.S. citizens.
- Children of immigrants are disproportionately poor or low-income—about half live in low-income households vs. 37 percent of children of natives.
Growth in Number of Children of Immigrants and Children of Natives, 1990 to 2008
Source: Urban Institute tabulations from the IPUMS datasets drawn from the 1990 and 2000 U.S. Census of Population and Housing and the 2007 and 2008 American Community Surveys.
- Use of public benefits is low—children of immigrants are less likely than those of natives to participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
- Children of immigrants are more likely than those of natives to live in two‐parent families—84 vs. 71 percent.
Fortuny, Karina, and Ajay Chaudry. 2009. “Children of Immigrants: Immigration Trends.” Fact Sheet No. 1. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.
Fortuny, Karina, Ajay Chaudry, and Donald J. Hernandez. Forthcoming. “Young Children of Immigrants: The Leading Edge of America’s Future.” Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.
Fortuny, Karina, Randy Capps, Margaret Simms, and Ajay Chaudry. 2009. “Children of Immigrants: National and State Characteristics.” Perspectives on Low‐Income Working Families brief 9. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.
Landale, Nancy S., Susan McHale, and Alan Booth, eds. 2010. Growing Up Hispanic: Health and Development of Children of Immigrants. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.
Children of Immigrants by Parents’ Origin, 2007–2008
Source: Urban Institute tabulations from the IPUMS datasets drawn from the 2007 and 2008 American Community Surveys.
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