NIJ's Multi-Site Evaluation of Adult Drug Courts will report on a mediation analysis to
empirically test theoretical pathways to desistance. The analysis considers the theoretical
mechanisms through which drug court practices are meant to impact outcomes and how
such pathways can be operationalized. A path model is proposed that delineates how
drug-court practices affect modifications in behaviors and attitudes, and how these
changes affect outcomes. Proposed mediators include changes in: perceived risk and
reward (deterrence), perceived legitimacy, and motivation to alter one's behavior. The
analysis will suggest the pathways that are most crucial to desistance and the most
effective drug-court components that impact these pathways.
The text below is an excerpt from the complete presentation. Read the Full Presentation in PDF format.
- Present Study (MADCE)
- Proposed Model
- Analytic Strategy
- Next Steps
- Prior research shows drug courts work
- Few studies show how; key exception below
— Gottfredson, Kearley, Najaka, and Rocha. 2007.
"How Drug Treatment Courts Work: An Analysis
of Mediators." Journal of Research in Crime and
Delinquency 44(1): 3-35.
Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation
Description of Variables
- Baseline variables
— Drug court participation
— Controls: age, race, gender, education, income,
married/relationship, income, minor children,
primary drug of choice, prior arrests
— Number of drug tests, court appearances, case
management contacts, sanctions, days in treatment,
depression, ASPD, family drug use
— Deterrence, attitude toward judge, readiness for change
— Drug use
(End of excerpt. The Entire Presentation is available in PDF format.)
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