Senior research associate Megan Gallagher testified before the DC Committee on Education on the future of DC education data. Her testimony presented a concise summary of recently expressed viewpoints of key stakeholders on whether DC’s existing student data meet the needs of key city stakeholders, are accessible and accurate, are available at the student level, and are linked to specific schools, programs, and investments

April 29, 2016
Testimony
 

Gun violence inflicts a devastating toll on communities of color, but the justice system response to this violence frequently destabilizes neighborhoods and damages police-community relations. To develop a better response, the Urban Institute, Joyce Foundation, and Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies convened more than 100 people from communities affected by violence. We learned that violence prevention demands a

April 28, 2016
Research Report
 

Many elected officials emphasize reforms that would promote opportunity, but until they define how success would be measured, progress is unlikely. The federal government is scheduled to spend close to $15,000 more per household annually in another 10 years, but little of that increase goes to programs like education and work subsidies that promote opportunity for all. Meanwhile, tax programs that do focus on opportunity exclude

April 27, 2016
Research Report
 

Many elected officials emphasize reforms that would promote opportunity, but until they define how success would be measured, progress is unlikely. The federal government is scheduled to spend close to $15,000 more per household annually in another 10 years, but little of that increase goes to programs like education and work subsidies that promote opportunity for all. Meanwhile, tax programs that do focus on opportunity exclude

April 27, 2016
Brief
 

As the global population grows increasingly urbanized, city governments will assume ever-greater responsibility for addressing the challenges of poverty, inequality, and environmental sustainability. To meet these challenges effectively, city leaders must base their efforts on good data and reliable evidence. This paper develops a framework for understanding the conditions under which city leaders access, analyze, and apply data

April 26, 2016
Research Report
 

Institute fellow Eric Toder testified before the US Senate Committee on Finance during a hearing entitled “Navigating Business Tax Reform.” In his testimony, Toder presented his research on the state of the corporate income tax and a review of current legislative proposals. He outlines two approaches that would allow for a reduced corporate income tax rate: increased taxation of shareholder income and introduction of new revenue

April 26, 2016
Testimony
 

The declining children’s share of the federal budget raises concerns about children’s health and well-being. Currently 10 percent of the federal budget, spending on children is projected to decline relative to the size of our economy and total federal spending over the next decade. Excluding health care, fewer real dollars will be spent on children in 2025 than in 2011. This JAMA Viewpoint addresses the following: What types of

April 26, 2016
Journal Article
 

The April 2016 edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center’s reference guide for mortgage and housing market data, includes updated figures describing the composition of the mortgage market, latest modification activities, and the recent change in private mortgage insurance premiums.

April 26, 2016
Research Report
 

Millennials are optimistic about the future, but should they be? Some 53 percent of families across generations report that they are better off financially than their parents. Millennials, however, are less likely than both the silent generation and baby boomers to think they are better off than their parents. Between 1983 and 2010, average wealth per household increased $250,000; over the same period, the average net worth for

April 22, 2016
Brief
 

Many families are in financial distress, and families with children are especially vulnerable. Thirty-eight percent of families with children under age 18 living at home are struggling to get by, compared with 33 percent of families without children at home. Financial distress can arise from a range of factors, from a specific hardship—28 percent of families with children experienced a financial hardship in the past year,

April 22, 2016
Brief
 

The economic health of cities and communities depends on the financial health and stability of their residents. The key: nonretirement savings. Families with a savings cushion as little as $250 to $749 are less likely to be evicted, miss a housing or utility payment, or receive public benefits after a job loss, health issue, or large income drop. Higher savings levels are associated with even lower hardship and benefit receipt.

April 21, 2016
Brief
 

Child care can be a major challenge for low-income parents who want to participate in education or training to improve their employment prospects and future earnings. One promising solution is to develop collaborations between those who provide education and training services to families and those involved in meeting their child care needs. This report profiles four innovative collaborations working to bridge this gap and

April 21, 2016
Research Report
 

Integrated data systems (IDS) periodically link individual-level records from multiple government agencies. These systems can be used for policy analysis, program planning, and evaluation. Six partners in the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP) worked to expand access to information from IDS in their own communities and strengthened the relationships between NNIP partners and agencies hosting IDS. The NNIP

April 19, 2016
Brief
 

Washington, DC, has prospered in the last decade and a half, but for residents living in neighborhoods east of the Anacostia River, the story has been different. The City First Foundation convened the Equitable Economic Development East of the River conference in November 2015 to address how DC can bring more of its newfound prosperity to neighborhoods east of the river in a way that equally benefits current and new residents.

April 19, 2016
Research Report
 

Using data from the National Health Interview Survey, this brief examines changes in the share of children age 18 and under without health insurance between 1997 and 2015. We also explore the characteristics and health care experiences of the remaining uninsured children in 2014. We find that the uninsurance rate for children has fallen steadily since the introduction of the Children’s Health Insurance Program in 1997 and that

April 19, 2016
Brief
 

This brief uses data from the National Health Interview Survey to explore trends in health insurance coverage for children age 5 and under between 1997 and 2015. Previous studies have shown that children’s health insurance coverage is associated with improved access to care and that early childhood offers a critical opportunity to promote long-term health and development. In this analysis, we find a 75 percent decrease in

April 19, 2016
Brief
 

The Federal Housing Finance Agency announced on April 14 that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the government-sponsored enterprises, or GSEs) would offer principal reduction to a targeted group of underwater borrowers. Given the careful design of the program and the rapidly declining number of borrowers who would be well served by such help, the near-term impact of the step will be minimal. The step is nonetheless important as it

April 18, 2016
Note
 

This report evaluates the Latin American Youth Center’s (LAYC) Promotor Pathway program. The program matches youth with a “promotor,” who provides intensive case management, mentorship, and advocacy, and aims to improve education and employment outcomes, boost life skills, prevent delinquency, and reduce unhealthy behaviors for at-risk youth transitioning to adulthood. Using a randomized controlled trial design, the evaluation

April 18, 2016
Research Report
 

Drawing from a wide range of data and sources, the Q1 2016 Detroit Housing Tracker monitors the latest developments in Detroit housing and community development. Updated quarterly, this publication has two sections. Detroit Housing Market Trends presents comprehensive market indicators, including sales prices and volumes, rental prices, household equity level, delinquencies and foreclosures, and general labor market conditions.

April 13, 2016
Research Report
 

Using data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) from 2000 to 2012 and Health Reform Monitoring Survey (HRMS) data for 2013 and 2015, this article develops an approach to estimate the number of people who would have been uninsured in the absence of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and isolates the change in coverage as of March 2015 that can be attributed to the ACA. We produce counterfactual forecasts of the number of uninsured

April 13, 2016
Journal Article
 

In the United States, 10 percent of students are chronically absent. Often, chronic absence results when a student faces a health issue or challenging family circumstances. A student’s neighborhood also has an effect, and students living in poorer neighborhoods generally have more trouble in school and experience higher rates of chronic absence. This brief discusses recent work by members of the National Neighborhood Indicators

April 11, 2016
Brief
 

This brief builds on work that examines replacing the current formula for calculating Pell grant eligibility with one that uses only a few family characteristics. Using data from the 2011–12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, we compare our original two-factor model with Financial Aid Simplification and Transparency Act legislation, both of which calculate grants based on income and family size. We address equity concerns

April 7, 2016
Brief
 

Health plans have been increasingly narrowing their provider networks, raising concerns about gaps in access to services for consumers, particularly in areas with provider shortages. Could telemedicine be used to help fill those gaps? Through a review of state regulations and interviews with key stakeholders, including insurance companies, regulators, and medical providers in six states (Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Maine,

April 6, 2016
Research Report
 

Low-income families receiving cash assistance through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) also need assistance with workforce development and child care. Workforce development and child care subsidy systems support low-income families and individuals, but are TANF families well served by these systems? This report outlines the opportunities that the workforce development and child care subsidy systems offer,

April 6, 2016
Research Report
 

This report describes the range of activities at the intersection of public safety and arts and culture, outlines a theory of change, and provides recommendations for further consideration. Through interviews with experts in the field, this research found that art in the public safety sector promotes empathy and understanding, influences law and policy, provides career opportunities, supports well-being, and advances the quality

April 5, 2016
Research Report