Since 2000, rents have risen and the number of renters who need low-priced housing has increased. Nationwide, the market provides only 21 adequate, affordable, and available (AAA) units for every 100 renter households with income at or below 30 percent of the area median income (often called extremely low-income, or ELI, renters). Federal assistance adds another 25 AAA units, making a total of 46 adequate and affordable units
For children to thrive and reach their full potential, they need adequate food and shelter, high-quality health care and education, safe environments, and supportive parents and families. Though families play a key role in meeting children’s needs, society also provides resources and services to support children’s healthy development. Through their funding of public schools, health systems, and social services, state and local
In 2010, South Carolina passed the Sentencing Reform Act, enacting comprehensive criminal justice reforms. One key reform encouraged the Department of Probation, Parole, and Pardon Services to employ administration responses to parole and probation violations, rather than sending people to prison. This brief finds that, following these reforms, use of administrative responses increased. Reform implementation was associated with
States invest in three areas to encourage job and wage growth: the marketplace, the workforce, and the community. Marketplace investment includes general business support and finance assistance, small-business procurement programs, and tax incentives. Workforce programs develop and train the local labor force, connecting workers to family-sustaining jobs while meeting firm demands for skilled labor. Investment in community
The April 2017 edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center’s reference guide for mortgage and housing market data, includes updated figures describing housing credit availability, agency and non-agency MBS issuance activities, and latest GSE risk-sharing transactions.
Medicare’s Oncology Care Model (OCM) is designed to incentivize providers to reduce unnecessary spending, improve care, and involve patients more closely in decisions about the use of chemotherapy. The model includes a 13-point care plan recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) that represents a significant step toward making patients partners in their own care; in particular, it aims the volume of OCM episodes by reducing
Fathers recently released from correctional institutions have significant service needs and can face considerable barriers to meeting those needs as they reintegrate back to their communities. To help fathers achieve their reentry, self-sufficiency, and family goals, six Office of Family Assistance-funded Fatherhood Reentry programs employed unique approaches to providing parenting, relationship, and economic stability services
Fathers find it difficult to maintain their relationships with their children during and after their incarceration experience. To help fathers sustain and strengthen their relationships with their children, six Office of Family Assistance-funded Fatherhood Reentry programs implemented a range of activities intended to build fathers’ knowledge of parenting and child development, increase fathers’ contact and communication with
After incarceration, fathers must overcome several reentry barriers, including reconnecting with their spouse, partner, or coparent. To help fathers reunify with and support their families, six Office of Family Assistance-funded Fatherhood Reentry programs implemented a range of healthy marriage activities aimed to strengthen fathers’ relationships with their partners or coparents, encourage effective coparenting, and prevent
Fathers with incarceration experiences can face critical barriers to achieving economic self-sufficiency. To assist fathers with overcoming these challenges, six Office of Family Assistance-funded Fatherhood Reentry programs implemented a range of activities designed to help fathers improve their employability, increase their financial literacy, connect them to employment opportunities, and reduce their barriers to self-
This brief assesses changes in uninsurance among nonelderly veterans during the first two years after implementation of the coverage provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). We find that uninsurance among veterans fell from 9.6 percent in 2013 to 5.9 percent in 2014, a nearly 40 percent drop. Declines in uninsurance were broad-based across subgroups and states, but larger for veterans below 138 percent of FPL and in ACA
Policymakers looking to provide evidence-based opportunity for Americans should look to matched savings programs, such as individual development accounts. By matching personal saving, individual development accounts (IDAs) improve financial capability while promoting saving for longer-term investment in a home, business or education. A randomized controlled trial evaluation of the federally supported Assets for Independence IDA
This year, Congress will consider what may be the biggest tax bill in decades. This is one of a series of briefs the Tax Policy Center has prepared to help people follow the debate. Each focuses on a key tax policy issue that Congress and the Trump administration may address. This brief looks at the effect of business tax reform at the state level.
This year, Congress will consider what may be the biggest tax bill in decades. This is one of a series of briefs the Tax Policy Center has prepared to help people follow the debate. Each focuses on a key tax policy issue that Congress and the Trump administration may address. This brief discusses tax reform in the context of a growing national debt.
The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), administered by HUD, is the most sizable, stable, and comprehensive support for community and economic development in the US. For many jurisdictions, it is a steady source of funding dedicated to benefiting low-income individuals and communities, which allows them to focus on implementation rather than fundraising. However, the program faces considerable challenges, and real-dollar
Relationships between children and their parents are the foundation on which children learn how to form and sustain healthy relationships. Disrupting those relationships—by losing a parent to incarceration, for example—can have long-term effects on children and may lead to antisocial behavior, poor school performance, and physical and mental health problems. Recent estimates show that 2.7 million US children have a parent who
We spend more than 2/3rds of our time where we live; thus, housing and neighborhood conditions invariably affect our individual and family’s well-being. The health impacts from blighted properties—substandard housing, abandoned buildings, and vacant lots—are often not immediately visible or felt. This report—Urban Blight and Public Health—synthesizes recent studies on the complexities of how blight affects the health of
Extended Abstract Covering 14 million state and local government employees, public pension plans typically provide lifetime retirement benefits based on years of service and the salary earned near the end of a career. These pensions provide meaningful retirement security to employees covered by a plan for a full career, but offer few benefits to shorter-term employees, a drawback that is becoming increasingly problematic as
This report examines the effects of the Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) Medicaid expansion on insurance coverage for childless adult citizens with incomes below the federal poverty level. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey, we estimate the effect of the expansion on poor childless adult citizens overall and by age, gender, race, income, education, and self-reported health status. We find that the Medicaid expansion
Rising concerns over college prices and student debt suggest that college is unaffordable for many people. But a more meaningful question is whether particular college options are worth it for individual students. This brief, along with a new Urban Institute website, outlines the many factors that shed light on the issue of college affordability, including prices of different college paths and the resources that institutions,
Nonprofits and Government provides students and practitioners with the first comprehensive, interdisciplinary, research-based inquiry into the collaborative and conflicting relationship between nonprofits and government at all levels: local, national, and international. The contributors—all leading experts—explore how government regulates, facilitates, finances, and oversees nonprofit activities, and how nonprofits, in turn, try
The Legal Aid Society’s Exploitation Intervention Project (EIP) represents most individuals prosecuted for violating New York State prostitution laws. EIP also represents survivors of trafficking into prostitution and works to clear charges from their criminal records if they were a result of having been trafficked. Urban researchers gathered data from both groups of EIP clients to describe who is facing arrest in New York City
This paper gives an overview of the TPC’s methodology for dynamic analysis of tax proposals. Following the practice of official government estimators, we use a Keynesian model to estimate the short-term effects of policy changes on output relative to its full-employment level. That model assumes tax policy can influence the economy by changing the demand for goods and services. For example, a tax cut could encourage consumers to
This research report was originally published by the Columbia Journal of Tax Law. The publication is updated version of, "An Analysis of the House GOP Tax Plan", published by the Tax Policy Center in September. This paper analyzes the House GOP tax reform blueprint, which would significantly reduce marginal tax rates, increase standard deduction amounts, repeal personal exemptions and most itemized deductions, and convert
What works in job training? How might the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) change the workforce development system? Demetra Nightingale addresses these questions in her testimony on the workforce development system and job training that was delivered to the House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies.
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