The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative


Over nine million people pass through America's local jails each year. These individuals often receive little in the way of services, support, or supervision as they leave jail and reenter the community. In response to the need for jurisdictions across the country to address this transition, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) partnered with the Urban Institute in 2007 to launch the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative.

You can use the Transition from Jail to Community Online Learning Toolkit here. 

TJC involves the development, implementation, and evaluation of a model for jail-to-community transition. The TJC model is not a discrete program; it is a new way of doing business that entails systems change and the development of collaborative relationships between jails and community partners. The TJC model aims to improve public safety and reintegration outcomes. The TJC approach is being implemented in six jurisdictions, and technical assistance products have been created for communities across the country.

California Learning Sites Selected

NIC and Urban are pleased to announce the selection of two California jurisdictions that will receive TJC technical assistance to help them address the challenges associated with implementing a package of policy changes known as Public Safety Realignment. The two jurisdictions, Santa Barbara County and San Diego County, were chosen through a competitive process from an applicant pool of California jurisdictions.

The technical assistance provided will focus on implementing the TJC model's comprehensive approach to jail-to-community transition in the Realignment context. Among other policy changes, Realignment substantially alters the composition of California's jail population by requiring that many newly sentenced offenders and supervision violators be housed in county jails rather than state prisons. Santa Barbara and San Diego counties will receive technical assistance over two and a half years. We look forward to working with and learning from these jurisdictions in the months to come—sharing their TJC experience to inform transition practices in other California jurisdictions.

Phase II TJC Learning Sites Selected

NIC and Urban are pleased to announce the selection of six jurisdictions as TJC Phase II learning sites: Ada County, Idaho; Franklin County, Massachusetts; Fresno County, California; Hennepin County, Minnesota; Howard County, Maryland; and Jacksonville, Florida. The six applicant jurisdictions were chosen through a competitive process from a very strong applicant pool. Phase II TJC sites will receive technical assistance in implementing the TJC model for two and a half years, starting in August 2012. We look forward to working with and learning from these new jurisdictions in the months to come.

New TJC Publications Released

Three publications from the TJC initiative were released in October 2012. Process and Systems Change Evaluation Findings from the Transition from Jail to Community Initiative describes the implementation of the TJC model across the six TJC Phase I learning sites and presents findings from the cross-site systems change evaluation. This report summarizes key activities, site accomplishments and challenges, and lessons learned about TJC model implementation.

The report is complemented by two practice briefs. The Role of Screening and Assessment in Jail Reentry presents the TJC model's two-stage screening and assessment process to determine risk and need levels. It includes lessons learned from the implementation experiences of the Phase I learning sites that may help other jurisdictions in apply screening and assessment to their jail populations. Case Management Strategies for Successful Jail Reentry presents the TJC initiative's approach to case planning and community handoff. This brief discusses the role of case planning in the TJC model, the importance of continuity of care between the jail and community, and the different components necessary for successful case planning.

TJC Online Learning Toolkit

In order to provide detailed implementation guidance, examples, and tools to jurisdictions across the country seeking to address jail-to-community transition, the TJC team developed the TJC Online Learning Toolkit. The Toolkit guides users, whether from criminal justice or community-based agencies, through implementation of each component of the TJC model. Users can navigate the nine modules at their own pace. Each module incorporates examples from jurisdictions across the country, tools developed to facilitate implementation in the TJC learning sites, and links to additional resources.

Additional information about TJC and other NIC reentry efforts is available at the National Institute of Corrections.