Stemming the Tide: Strategies to Reduce the Growth and Cut the Cost of the Federal Prison System (Research Report)
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The federal prison population has risen dramatically over the past few decades, as more people are sentenced to prison and for longer terms. The result? Dangerously overcrowded facilities and an increasing expense to taxpayers. In a new Urban Institute report, the authors project the population and cost savings impact of a variety of strategies designed to reduce the inmate population without compromising public safety. They find that the most effective approach is a combination of strategies, including early release for current prisoners and reducing the length of stay for future offenders, particularly those convicted of drug trafficking.
Read the Full Report
Appendix B: Methodology
Bending the Curve on Costly, Overcrowded Federal Prisons will Require Sweeping Reforms (Press Release)
|Posted to Web: November 05, 2013||Publication Date: October 21, 2013|
Federal prisons house almost 10 times the number of inmates as they did in 1980. These facilities, overcapacity by at least a third, are on track to consume over 30 percent of the Department of Justice's budget by 2020. A new study analyzes a slate of options designed to stem this unsustainable growth without compromising public safety. The conclusion: doing so will require major changes in sentencing and early release policies.
'Stand Your Ground' Laws: Civil Rights and Public Safety Implications of the Expanded Use of Deadly Force: Testimony before the Senate Committee on Judiciary Subcommittee on Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: November 05, 2013||Publication Date: November 05, 2013|
Stand your ground laws, which extend the right to use deadly force in self-defense beyond the home, exacerbate racial disparities in the rate at which homicides are found to be justified, John Roman told a Senate subcommittee. In homicides of blacks committed by whites, 11.4 percent were found to be justified, while in homicides of whites committed by blacks, only 1.2 percent were found to be justified. The racial disparity is larger in states with stand your ground laws, and racial disparities increase in stand your ground states after the law is enacted.
Opportunities for Information Sharing to Enhance Health and Public Safety Outcomes (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: October 29, 2013||Publication Date: October 29, 2013|
Justice-involved populations are more likely to suffer from chronic physical and behavioral health conditions. These conditions can jeopardize employment prospects and lead to reoffending and reincarceration. Information exchanges between the justice and health systems can help both criminal justice and community-based practitioners address these health conditions more effectively to improve outcomes. This report identifies 34 potential information exchanges and provides a blueprint for implementing effective justice-health information exchanges.
Race, Justifiable Homicide, and Stand Your Ground Laws: Analysis of FBI Supplementary Homicide Report Data (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: September 05, 2013||Publication Date: September 05, 2013|
This study finds that homicides with a white perpetrator and a black victim are ten times more likely to be ruled justified than cases with a black perpetrator and a white victim, and the gap is larger in states with Stand Your Ground laws. After accounting for a variety of factors, such as whether the victim and perpetrator were strangers, the gap is smaller, but still significant. Cases with a white perpetrator and a black victim are 281 percent more likely to be ruled justified than cases with a white perpetrator and white victim.
Opportunities for Police Cost Savings Without Sacrificing Service Quality: Reducing False Alarms (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: July 26, 2013||Publication Date: July 26, 2013|
In many cities, false alarms from home and business security systems number in the tens of thousands each year, waste millions of dollars of officer time, and detract from attention to reducing crimes. Options are presented on ways to substantially reduce the effects of such false alarms and the police responses to them. We analyzed experiences of Montgomery County, MD; Seattle, WA; and Salt Lake City, UT, which reduced false alarms by 66-90% and saved 10-30 police officer-years annually.
The Costs and Benefits of Functional Family Therapy for Washington, D.C. (DCPI - Policy and Practice)
|Posted to Web: January 07, 2013||Publication Date: January 07, 2013|
This cost-benefit analysis of implementing a Functional Family Therapy (FFT) program in the District of Columbia indicates that the benefits are likely to outweigh the costs. The analysis employed an innovative statistical method that enables policymakers to assess the range of possible costs and benefits associated with specific evidence-based programs designed to prevent crime and recidivism. Results indicate that there is a 66 percent chance that an FFT program serving 150 juveniles will yield benefits exceeding its costs.
The Costs and Benefits of Electronic Monitoring for Washington, D.C. (DCPI - Research and Analysis)
|Posted to Web: October 24, 2012||Publication Date: October 24, 2012|
This policy brief summarizes the second DCPI cost-benefit analysis employing an innovative statistical method that enables policymakers to assess the range of possible costs and benefits associated with specific evidence-based programs designed to prevent crime and recidivism. This particular study forecasted the costs and benefits of implementing an Electronic Monitoring program in the District. The analysis found an 80 percent chance that an EM program serving 800 people will yield benefits exceeding its costs.
|Posted to Web: October 11, 2012||Publication Date: October 11, 2012|