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Demographics and Trends

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Immigrant Youth Outcomes: Patterns by Generation and Race and Ethnicity (Research Report)
Maria E. Enchautegui

This report compares immigrant and nonimmigrant youth along 40 indicators of wellbeing, making comparisons by generation and by race and ethnicity. Immigrant youth are born abroad or born in the United States of foreign-born parents. In most outcomes examined, immigrant youth become more similar to nonimmigrants across successive generations, but inequalities persist in most outcomes. Analysis by race and ethnicity show a U turn in third generation Latinos as differentials that had been reduced or that had disappeared by the second generation reemerge or increase by the third generation.

Posted to Web: September 23, 2014Publication Date: September 23, 2014

Children of Immigrants: 2011 State Trends Update (Research Report)
Devlin Hanson, Margaret Simms

From 2006 to 2011, the number of children age 0 to 17 with at least one immigrant parent grew by 1.5 million children, from 15.7 to 17.2 million. They account for nearly one-quarter of all children in the United States. This brief highlights national and state level information, using data from the 2010 and 2011 American Community Surveys.

Posted to Web: May 05, 2014Publication Date: May 05, 2014

Ten Years of Language Access in Washington, DC (Research Report)
Hamutal Bernstein, Julia Gelatt, Devlin Hanson, William Monson

This report provides an overview of the implementation of the Language Access Act within the context of the unique demographic and economic characteristics of the District's immigrant community. We describe DC's Language Access Program, its creation, and evolution, profile the city's LEP/NEP population, and identify accomplishments and challenges for each of the three major domains required for ensuring full language access: identifying language needs, serving language needs, and monitoring the provision of those services. We conclude with recommendations for next steps for city government officials and other stakeholders as they continue to strengthen the Language Access Program in the District.

Posted to Web: April 15, 2014Publication Date: April 15, 2014

Immigration and the Changing Landscape for Local Service Delivery: Demographic Shifts in Cities and Neighborhoods (Research Report)
Julia Gelatt, Gina Adams, William Monson

Growing immigration affects many communities across the United States, but the demographic impacts vary widely, with implications for service delivery. Some places have experienced high levels of immigration for decades and others are facing new influxes. In many communities, the mix of national origins of immigrants has been shifting. These changes—increasing numbers, geographic dispersion, and increasing diversity—have played out very differently across US communities and over time. In this brief, we provide examples of how national trends have played out in select US cities and neighborhoods. We then highlight the implications of these trends for effective service delivery.

Posted to Web: March 19, 2014Publication Date: March 19, 2014

A Comparison of Today's Unauthorized Immigrants and the IRCA Legalized: Implications for Immigration Reform (Policy Briefs)
Maria E. Enchautegui

Today's unauthorized immigrants are older, better educated, more geographically dispersed, have more diverse country-of-origin backgrounds, and have spent more time in the United States than unauthorized immigrants who legalized under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). Nevertheless, the wage gap between unauthorized immigrants and native-born workers is wider today than it was in 1986. Policymakers must keep such differences in mind when using IRCA to anticipate the impacts of legalization programs today and making decisions about how to implement such programs.

Posted to Web: December 23, 2013Publication Date: December 19, 2013

Immigrant Legal-Aid Organizations in the United States (Research Report)
Erwin de Leon, Robert Roach

Any enacted immigration reform legislation that is comprehensive in scope will include a path to legalization for the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States. Based on the U.S. Senate bill passed in June 2013, the Congressional Budget Office projects about 8 million people will be eligible for regularization of status, most of whom will likely turn to nonprofits for legal assistance in maneuvering the process. Are there enough immigrant-serving organizations providing legal aid to meet the surge in demand when immigration reform finally happens? This brief begins to answer the question while posing additional ones.

Posted to Web: October 17, 2013Publication Date: October 17, 2013

Hit Hard but Bouncing Back: The Employment of Immigrants During the Great Recession and the Recovery (Policy Briefs/Unemployment and Recovery)
Maria E. Enchautegui

During the Great Recession immigrants lost more employment, relative to their initial employment level, than U.S.-born workers. During the Recovery immigrants gained more employment than U.S-born workers. The employment gains of immigrants during the recovery spread among all educational groups except those with no high school diploma. Among U.S.-born workers, only those with Bachelor's degree or more gained employment. By mid-2012, the employment of both immigrants and U.S.-born workers were still below the pre-recession level.

Posted to Web: November 02, 2012Publication Date: November 02, 2012

The Built Environment and Household Vulnerability in a Regional Context (Policy Briefs)
Rolf Pendall, Brett Theodos, Kaitlin Franks

This brief explores vulnerability, precariousness, and resilience as they apply to people, housing, neighborhoods, and metropolitan areas. We document the relationships between potential personal or household vulnerability and potentially precarious housing conditions. Microdata from the American Community Survey suggest that an important minority of people have multiple vulnerabilities; these vulnerabilities associate with residence in precarious housing. By beginning from the level of individuals, we build the groundwork for a more robust approach toward tackling concentrated disadvantage within the context of fostering resilient regions. We suggest that policy be directed toward precarious situations most likely to afflict the most vulnerable populations.

Posted to Web: July 09, 2012Publication Date: June 29, 2012

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