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Demographics and Trends

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Evolving Patterns in Diversity: Mapping America's Futures, Brief 2 (Research Report)
Steven Martin, Nan Astone, H. Elizabeth Peters, Rolf Pendall, Austin Nichols, Kaitlin Franks, Allison Stolte

From 2010 to 2030 the United States will become more racially and ethnically diverse, but demographic projections suggest the patterns of increasing diversity will vary widely across cities and regions. We project changes in the population shares across geographies for four major groups: Hispanics, non-Hispanic blacks, non-Hispanic whites, and non-Hispanic others. Though growing diversity across the United States will be welcome in many ways, it will also bring challenges to areas in which different groups increase in population share.

Posted to Web: January 20, 2015Publication Date: January 20, 2015

2000-2010 Population Profiles: Atlanta, Las Vegas, Washington, DC, and Youngstown: Mapping America's Futures, Brief 6 (Research Report)
Allison Stolte, Kaitlin Franks, Nan Astone, Steven Martin, Rolf Pendall, H. Elizabeth Peters, Austin Nichols

The Mapping America’s Futures project has developed multiple series of population projections by age, race, and ethnicity for the 740 commuting zones in the United States. This brief examines the diverse population structures and growth patterns across four commuting zones in 2010 to illustrate the variances in populations across the United States that influence the 2030 projections.

Posted to Web: January 20, 2015Publication Date: January 20, 2015

Scenarios for Regional Growth from 2010 to 2030: Mapping America's Futures, Brief 1 (Research Report)
Rolf Pendall, Steven Martin, Nan Astone, Austin Nichols, Kaitlin Franks, Allison Stolte, H. Elizabeth Peters

National population projections from the Census Bureau foresee growth of nearly 49 million people between 2010 and 2030. We explore where in the United States that growth could occur using scenarios from Urban Institute's new "Mapping America’s Futures: Population" tool. The scenarios provide food for thought about how birth, mortality, and migration might play out differently across the nation. All three of these fundamental demographic drivers will affect a region's future age structure, labor force composition, and diversity. Conversely, a region's age structure, labor force composition, and diversity today will affect birth, death, and migration in the future.

Posted to Web: January 20, 2015Publication Date: January 20, 2015

Immigrant Youth Outcomes: Patterns by Generation and Race and Ethnicity (Research Report)
Maria E. Enchautegui

This report compares immigrant and nonimmigrant youth along 40 indicators of wellbeing, making comparisons by generation and by race and ethnicity. Immigrant youth are born abroad or born in the United States of foreign-born parents. In most outcomes examined, immigrant youth become more similar to nonimmigrants across successive generations, but inequalities persist in most outcomes. Analysis by race and ethnicity show a U turn in third generation Latinos as differentials that had been reduced or that had disappeared by the second generation reemerge or increase by the third generation.

Posted to Web: September 23, 2014Publication Date: September 23, 2014

Children of Immigrants: 2011 State Trends Update (Research Report)
Devlin Hanson, Margaret Simms

From 2006 to 2011, the number of children age 0 to 17 with at least one immigrant parent grew by 1.5 million children, from 15.7 to 17.2 million. They account for nearly one-quarter of all children in the United States. This brief highlights national and state level information, using data from the 2010 and 2011 American Community Surveys.

Posted to Web: May 05, 2014Publication Date: May 05, 2014

Ten Years of Language Access in Washington, DC (Research Report)
Hamutal Bernstein, Julia M. Gelatt, Devlin Hanson, William Monson

This report provides an overview of the implementation of the Language Access Act within the context of the unique demographic and economic characteristics of the District's immigrant community. We describe DC's Language Access Program, its creation, and evolution, profile the city's LEP/NEP population, and identify accomplishments and challenges for each of the three major domains required for ensuring full language access: identifying language needs, serving language needs, and monitoring the provision of those services. We conclude with recommendations for next steps for city government officials and other stakeholders as they continue to strengthen the Language Access Program in the District.

Posted to Web: April 15, 2014Publication Date: April 15, 2014

Immigration and the Changing Landscape for Local Service Delivery: Demographic Shifts in Cities and Neighborhoods (Research Report)
Julia M. Gelatt, Gina Adams, William Monson

Growing immigration affects many communities across the United States, but the demographic impacts vary widely, with implications for service delivery. Some places have experienced high levels of immigration for decades and others are facing new influxes. In many communities, the mix of national origins of immigrants has been shifting. These changes—increasing numbers, geographic dispersion, and increasing diversity—have played out very differently across US communities and over time. In this brief, we provide examples of how national trends have played out in select US cities and neighborhoods. We then highlight the implications of these trends for effective service delivery.

Posted to Web: March 19, 2014Publication Date: March 19, 2014

A Comparison of Today's Unauthorized Immigrants and the IRCA Legalized: Implications for Immigration Reform (Policy Briefs)
Maria E. Enchautegui

Today's unauthorized immigrants are older, better educated, more geographically dispersed, have more diverse country-of-origin backgrounds, and have spent more time in the United States than unauthorized immigrants who legalized under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). Nevertheless, the wage gap between unauthorized immigrants and native-born workers is wider today than it was in 1986. Policymakers must keep such differences in mind when using IRCA to anticipate the impacts of legalization programs today and making decisions about how to implement such programs.

Posted to Web: December 23, 2013Publication Date: December 19, 2013

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