Opportunity-Rich Schools and Sustainable Communities: Seven Steps to Align High-Quality Education with Innovations in City and Metropolitan Planning and Development (Series/What Works Collaborative)
Policies and strategies at all levels of government are increasingly associating educational outcomes with community planning and housing. Challenges remain for local officials and practitioners trying to align these policy areas, including persistent spatial inequity and rigid institutional silos. This report develops seven steps to link education and planning policy at the local level. The authors draw from a national scan of model activities, interviews with key experts and agency staff members, and the authors' experience working with local governing bodies. The report identifies practical solutions that encompass assessing the current educational environment, engaging the community, strategic planning and implementation of investment, and institutionalizing successful innovations.
Effects from Living in Mixed-Income Communities for Low-Income Families: A Review of the Literature (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: June 21, 2011||Publication Date: May 01, 2011|
There continues to be considerable interest in the potential of mixed-income housing and neighborhoods to alleviate poverty, desegregate neighborhoods in terms of household income, and revitalize neighborhoods. This annotated literature review, prepared with support from the Casey Foundation, surveys the research on mixed-income housing that focuses on the impact on low-income children and adults. The review examines definitions of mixed-income, hypothesized benefits for low-income families, evidence of benefits, and viability of mixed-income areas over time. It concludes by identifying research gaps that foundations might consider addressing through the support for future work.
Improving Neighborhood Location Outcomes in the Housing Choice Voucher Program: A Scan of Mobility Assistance Programs (Series/What Works Collaborative)
|Posted to Web: January 28, 2011||Publication Date: November 20, 2010|
This paper provides findings from a rapid scan of mobility programs, including interviews with program staff, from across the country. The paper concludes with recommendations for future research, including suggestions on how to design a demonstration program that tests the impact of mobility assistance program.
What Do We Know About Housing Choice Voucher Program Location Outcomes? (Series/What Works Collaborative)
|Posted to Web: October 13, 2010||Publication Date: September 01, 2010|
The Housing Choice Voucher Program serves nearly 2 million low-income households nationwide, the majority in urban areas. This literature review examines the empirical evidence on neighborhood location outcomes for voucher recipients, including research regarding housing and neighborhood preferences. Voucher holders live in most urban neighborhoods, and do not typically experience extremely high poverty rates. However, disparities by race persist, and the program is less effective than the LIHTC program in allowing poor households to reach low-poverty suburbs. Neighborhood quality is lower for nonwhite households compared to whites, but evidence suggests black households may benefit more from the voucher than whites.
Fair Housing in the District of Columbia: Before the United States Commission on Civil Rights (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: September 17, 2010||Publication Date: August 01, 2010|
This testimony to the US Commission on Civil Rights discusses the Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice report prepared by the Urban Institute for the District of Columbia in 2005. The testimony highlights the key impediments to fair housing choice identified in the report and describes the recommendations made to address those impediments.
What Does It Take to Help Families Move to Better Neighborhoods?: The Housing Mobility Demonstration Proposed in the Preservation, Enhancement and Transformation of Rental Assistance Act (PETRA) Is Long Overdue (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: September 16, 2010||Publication Date: September 16, 2010|
This commentary describes the need for a research demonstration that examines the impact and cost of housing mobility services.
Monitoring Success in Choice Neighborhoods: A Proposed Approach to Performance Measurement (Series/What Works Collaborative)
|Posted to Web: August 04, 2010||Publication Date: August 01, 2010|
The Choice Neighborhoods Initiative proposed by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is intended to transform neighborhoods of extreme poverty and severely distressed housing into revitalized mixed-income communities. This paper considers how to effectively evaluate outcomes and measure success in comprehensive community transformation efforts like Choice Neighborhoods. It is divided into two parts: (1) a general framework for performance management in Choice Neighborhoods, including a logic model, and (2) a detailed, evidence-based approach to Choice Neighborhoods performance measurement, including proposed management reports and performance indicators.
Building Environmentally Sustainable Communities: A Framework for Inclusivity (Series/What Works Collaborative)
|Posted to Web: May 20, 2010||Publication Date: April 15, 2010|
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has decided to include two key goals in all of its programs: encouraging sustainable communities and enhancing access to opportunity for lower-income people and people of color. This paper examines the relationship between these two goals through a literature review and an original empirical analysis of how these goals interact at the neighborhood and metropolitan area levels. We also offer policy recommendations for HUD.
Seeking Sustainable and Inclusive Communities: A King County Case Study (Series/What Works Collaborative)
|Posted to Web: May 14, 2010||Publication Date: April 01, 2010|
This case study, written by the former King County Deputy Executive, provides an overview of King County's sustainable development efforts.
Rising Poverty Threatens Neighborhood Vitality (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: May 14, 2010||Publication Date: April 01, 2010|
High poverty rates, especially among African Americans and Latinos, threaten the well-being of neighborhoods as well as families. We can anticipate that the number of neighborhoods with dangerously high poverty rates is higher today than in 2000, representing a tragic reversal of the downward trend between 1990 and 2000. Historically, public policies played a central role in establishing and enforcing patterns of racial segregation, alongside discriminatory practices by the private sector and individuals. But no single causal process explains the persistence of residential segregation in America today. To ensure the well-being and sustainability of all neighborhoods, public policies must intervene to break the cycle.
|Posted to Web: September 10, 2009||Publication Date: September 10, 2009|