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Homelessness

 
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Innovations in NYC Health and Human Services Policy: Street Homelessness and Supportive Housing (Research Brief)
Josh Leopold

Under the Bloomberg administration, New York City built a system for moving chronically homeless individuals off the streets and into permanent housing by restructuring the contracts for homeless street outreach, developing alternatives to shelter for the chronically homeless, and, in partnership with New York State, creating thousands of supportive housing units for people experiencing or at risk of homelessness. Additional progress relies on continued focus on permanent housing placements among street outreach providers and increased investment in supportive housing. This brief is one in a series examining selected social service initiatives undertaken during the Bloomberg administration.

Posted to Web: March 17, 2014Publication Date: March 17, 2014

Innovations in NYC Health and Human Services Policy: Homelessness Prevention, Intake, and Shelter for Single Adults and Families (Research Brief)
Christin Durham, Martha C. Johnson

The Bloomberg administration's efforts to improve New York City's homeless services included creating a new homelessness prevention model, overhauling the shelter intake and eligibility process for families, and developing a temporary rental assistance program. While the administration made substantial progress in addressing homelessness, some shelter policies were criticized by homeless advocates and received negative media attention. Today, despite successes with homelessness prevention and rehousing, the city's shelter population is the largest it has ever been, and the shortage of affordable housing is worsening. This brief is one in a series examining selected social service initiatives undertaken during the Bloomberg administration.

Posted to Web: March 17, 2014Publication Date: March 17, 2014

Examining Housing as a Pathway to Successful Reentry: A Demonstration Design Process (Research Report)
Jocelyn Fontaine

This paper describes a reentry housing demonstration design process that will fill the gaps in the literature and strengthen policy and practice. The demonstration would include a range of housing and supportive services for formerly incarcerated persons, primarily focused on making meaningful reductions in returns to incarceration. The associated study would explore whether housing leads to reductions in recidivism and increases in the reintegration of those released from incarceration. Examples of potential partnerships and opportunities for reentry housing programming and funding are discussed. The paper concludes with several key hallmarks for the proposed demonstration to achieve its intended goals.

Posted to Web: November 15, 2013Publication Date: November 13, 2013

Youth Count! Process Study (Research Report)
Mike Pergamit, Mary K. Cunningham, Martha R. Burt, Pamela Lee, Brent Howell, Kassie Dumlao Bertumen

Homelessness among unaccompanied youth is a hidden problem: the number of young people who experience homelessness each year is largely unknown. To improve the national response to youth homelessness, policymakers need better data on the magnitude of the problem. Youth Count! is a Federal interagency initiative that aims to improve counts of unaccompanied homeless youth. Nine communities participated in the initiative by expanding their annual homeless point-in-time efforts to increase coverage of homeless youth. Urban Institute conducted a process study of the initiative to identify promising practices that could be adapted and taken to scale to produce credible and useful data nationwide.

Posted to Web: July 30, 2013Publication Date: July 30, 2013

Counting Homeless Youth: Promising Practices from the Youth Count! Initiative (Research Report)
Mike Pergamit, Mary K. Cunningham, Martha R. Burt, Pamela Lee, Brent Howell, Kassie Dumlao Bertumen

Knowing how many youth are homeless is a critical first step in helping them, but it's not easy to count a hidden population. Nine communities across the United States set out to improve their counts through the Youth Count! Initiative. The Urban Institute observed their work and drew out promising practices and lessons for improvement.

Posted to Web: July 30, 2013Publication Date: July 30, 2013

Supportive Housing for Returning Prisoners: Outcomes and Impacts of the Returning Home-Ohio Pilot Project (Research Report)
Jocelyn Fontaine, Douglas Gilchrist-Scott, John Roman, Samuel Taxy, Caterina Gouvis Roman

This evaluation of a supportive housing reentry pilot project, "Returning Home-Ohio", yielded positive outcomes for program participants. The pilot project, developed jointly by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction and the Corporation for Supportive Housing, was designed for disabled prisoners returning from state prison to five Ohio cities. A process, impact, and cost evaluation employing a quasi-experimental design with multiple data sources found that RHO participants were significantly less likely to be rearrested or reincarcerated within one year of release and significantly more likely to be delivered substance abuse and mental health services, relative to a comparison group.

Posted to Web: August 15, 2012Publication Date: August 15, 2012

Housing as a Platform for Formerly Incarcerated Persons (Series/What Works Collaborative)
Jocelyn Fontaine, Jennifer Biess

This policy framing paper is one of three that explores the potential for housing combined with support services to create better outcomes for vulnerable populations. The U.S. population of formerly incarcerated individuals has increased dramatically over the past decade, resulting in sweeping consequences to individuals and families, communities, safety, and public spending. Against the backdrop of these reentry challenges, this paper discusses how housing can be a platform or pathway toward more successful reentry and reintegration for formerly incarcerated persons. The authors then identify research needed to inform policymakers and practitioners in meeting the housing and service needs of this at-risk group. This framing paper is part of a series of field-building research agendas produced under the What Works Collaborative. More information can be found on the What Works Collaborative web page.

Posted to Web: May 07, 2012Publication Date: May 07, 2012

Housing as a Platform for Improving Outcomes for Older Renters (Series/What Works Collaborative)
Brenda Spillman, Jennifer Biess, Graham MacDonald

This policy framing paper is one of three that explores the potential for housing combined with support services to create better outcomes for vulnerable populations. The aging of the U.S. population will have profound implications for society, the economy, and the health care system. This paper focuses on mitigating the impacts on low-income older renters and on how housing can provide a platform for supporting their independence and well-being. The authors establish a theoretical basis and empirical evidence that shows a link between favorable housing and positive life outcomes. They propose research that can inform policymakers and practitioners in meeting the housing and service needs of this at-risk group. This framing paper is part of a series of field-building research agendas produced under the What Works Collaborative. More information can be found on the What Works Collaborative web page

Posted to Web: May 07, 2012Publication Date: May 07, 2012

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