Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex (Research Report)
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Based on interviews with 283 youth in New York City, this is the first study to focus on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth; young men who have sex with men (YMSM); and young women who have sex with women (YWSW) who get involved in the commercial sex market in order to meet basic survival needs, such as food or shelter. The report documents these youth’s experiences and characteristics to gain a better understanding of why they engage in survival sex, describes how the support networks and systems in their lives have both helped them and let them down, and makes recommendations for better meeting the needs of this vulnerable population.
Supportive Housing for High-Need Families in the Child Welfare System (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: February 25, 2015||Publication Date: February 25, 2015|
Supportive Housing is an intervention that combines affordable housing with intensive wrap around services. The intervention has been successful with hard to serve populations, such as chronically homeless adults. Communities are testing the efficacy of supportive housing with high-need child welfare families to learn if providing supportive housing helps improve outcomes for children and families, spend taxpayer dollars more wisely, and lead to long-lasting systems change and service integration. The Partnership to Demonstrate the Effectiveness of Supportive Housing for Families in the Child Welfare System is a federal demonstration investigating these important questions. This brief describes the purpose and design of the demonstration and profiles the five program sites.
Homeless LGBTQ Youth (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: November 12, 2014||Publication Date: November 13, 2014|
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Questioning (LGBTQ) youth are over-represented among the homeless youth population. Researchers and practitioners are working to improve data on homeless youth, especially LGBTQ youth, across the country. This brief summarizes the findings on LGBTQ homeless youth counted during the 2013 YouthCount!, a federal interagency initiative that aims to improve counts of unaccompanied homeless youth. The brief also shares best practices on how to improve counts of LGBTQ homeless youth, and areas where policymakers can act to improve LGBTQ youth outcomes.
Housing Security in the Washington Region (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: August 21, 2014||Publication Date: August 21, 2014|
This study examines critical gaps in affordable housing across a range of income levels in the Washington, DC region. More permanent supportive housing is needed to reduce chronic homelessness. The lack of affordable apartments, particularly for extremely low income renters, contributed to the number of homeless people and resulted in over half of all renters paying over 30 percent of their income on housing costs. Low income homebuyers also faced challenges because of high prices. These findings can help local governments and philanthropy direct scarce public and private resources to address the region's affordable housing needs.
Innovations in NYC Health and Human Services Policy: Street Homelessness and Supportive Housing (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: July 15, 2014||Publication Date: July 15, 2014|
Under the Bloomberg administration, New York City built a system for moving chronically homeless individuals off the streets and into permanent housing by restructuring the contracts for homeless street outreach, developing alternatives to shelter for the chronically homeless, and, in partnership with New York State, creating thousands of supportive housing units for people experiencing or at risk of homelessness. Additional progress relies on continued focus on permanent housing placements among street outreach providers and increased investment in supportive housing. This brief is one in a series examining selected social service initiatives undertaken during the Bloomberg administration.
Innovations in NYC Health and Human Services Policy: Homelessness Prevention, Intake, and Shelter for Single Adults and Families (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: March 17, 2014||Publication Date: March 17, 2014|
The Bloomberg administration's efforts to improve New York City's homeless services included creating a new homelessness prevention model, overhauling the shelter intake and eligibility process for families, and developing a temporary rental assistance program. While the administration made substantial progress in addressing homelessness, some shelter policies were criticized by homeless advocates and received negative media attention. Today, despite successes with homelessness prevention and rehousing, the city's shelter population is the largest it has ever been, and the shortage of affordable housing is worsening. This brief is one in a series examining selected social service initiatives undertaken during the Bloomberg administration.
Examining Housing as a Pathway to Successful Reentry: A Demonstration Design Process (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: March 17, 2014||Publication Date: March 17, 2014|
This paper describes a reentry housing demonstration design process that will fill the gaps in the literature and strengthen policy and practice. The demonstration would include a range of housing and supportive services for formerly incarcerated persons, primarily focused on making meaningful reductions in returns to incarceration. The associated study would explore whether housing leads to reductions in recidivism and increases in the reintegration of those released from incarceration. Examples of potential partnerships and opportunities for reentry housing programming and funding are discussed. The paper concludes with several key hallmarks for the proposed demonstration to achieve its intended goals.
Youth Count! Process Study (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 15, 2013||Publication Date: November 13, 2013|
Homelessness among unaccompanied youth is a hidden problem: the number of young people who experience homelessness each year is largely unknown. To improve the national response to youth homelessness, policymakers need better data on the magnitude of the problem. Youth Count! is a Federal interagency initiative that aims to improve counts of unaccompanied homeless youth. Nine communities participated in the initiative by expanding their annual homeless point-in-time efforts to increase coverage of homeless youth. Urban Institute conducted a process study of the initiative to identify promising practices that could be adapted and taken to scale to produce credible and useful data nationwide.
|Posted to Web: July 30, 2013||Publication Date: July 30, 2013|