Improving the Social Safety Net Before the Next Disaster (Press Release)
The structural complexity and inadequate benefits of four essential government programs made it hard for them to respond quickly and effectively to the deep-seated needs of people harmed by Hurricane Katrina, says a new Urban Institute study.
HUD Disappoints in Housing Crisis (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: June 27, 2006||Publication Date: June 27, 2006|
Margery Turner, director of the Urban Institute’s Center on Metropolitan Housing and Communities, offers a series of options to more quickly rehabilitate housing in New Orleans. In this Times Picayune commentary, Turner urges more innovation and action by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, particularly in the areas of public housing and interim solutions.
Insuring Against Catastrophes: The Lessons from Katrina (Series/After Katrina)
|Posted to Web: June 03, 2006||Publication Date: June 03, 2006|
Doing away with disaster assistance entirely is impractical and relying on it as the sole response to catastrophes is unfair. Some sort of modestly subsidized government catastrophic insurance would seem be a reasonable compromise between insurance mandates and disaster assistance strategies.
Testimony to the Committee on Consumer and Regulatory Affairs: Budget Hearing for the Department of Insurance, Securities and Banking (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: May 30, 2006||Publication Date: May 30, 2006|
The latest data for the District of Columbia indicate that the share of mortgage loans from subprime lenders is declining, but differences across wards and racial and ethnic groups point to areas where predatory or illegal practices might be occurring. The Council can consider several measures to address these concerns, including providing better education and credit counseling for homebuyers, requiring more reporting by mortgage lenders, and testing mortgage lenders for fair housing practices.
Testimony Related to Provisions of S. 1801, The Community Partnership to End Homelessness Act of 2005: Statement of Martha R. Burt before the Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee , Housing and Transportation Subcommittee (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: May 04, 2006||Publication Date: May 04, 2006|
In her Senate testimony, Dr. Martha Burt identifies the federal policy commitments that have brought homeless assistance systems throughout the nation to their current status: the passage of the McKinney Act of 1987, the Department of Housing and Urban Development's initiation of the Continuum of Care process in 1996, and the federal government's 2001 commitment to end chronic homelessness. She reviews aspects of S. 1801, the Community Partnership to End Homelessness Act of 2005, that would strengthen and advance current trends, and then focuses on four aspects of S. 1801's provisions.
DCHA Rent Supplement Act of 2006 : Testimony to the D.C. City Council on Bill 16-661 (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: March 30, 2006||Publication Date: March 30, 2006|
The most recent data show a strong need for additional rental assistance in the District of Columbia, and years of experience around the country have demonstrated that a rent supplement program, such as the one the Council is considering, can be an effective means to provide such assistance. Research also shows that a number of other supports, such as tenant mobility counseling and landlord outreach, are essential in ensuring that such a program achieves its full potential.
Saying Good-Bye: Relocating Senior Citizens in the HOPE VI Panel Study (Policy Briefs/Metropolitan Housing and Communities: A Roof Over Their Heads)
|Posted to Web: March 22, 2006||Publication Date: March 22, 2006|
Under the HOPE VI program, many of the most distressed public housing developments in the nation have been demolished or substantially renovated, and the program had the challenge of successfully relocating vulnerable seniors in these developments. The question of how seniors handle relocation is an important one, and prior evidence suggests poor outcomes when older adults are involuntarily moved. This brief describes the relocation experiences of older adults in light of their special circumstances, particularly health, social support and social mobility. Findings are based on survey and interview information gathered from older adults in HOPE VI developments in five cities (Atlantic City, NJ; Chicago, IL; Durham, NC; Richmond, CA; and Washington, D.C.).
Urban Institute Debuts After Katrina Policy Series (Press Release)
|Posted to Web: January 31, 2006||Publication Date: January 31, 2006|
During and after Hurricane Katrina, all income groups and races suffered, but the storm particularly revealed the vulnerability of the poor and the strong racial dimension in the flooded areas. In After Katrina, a new publication series debuting today, Urban Institute scholars examine the many policy dimensions of the devastation and propose practical solutions for restoring greater New Orleans.
Rebuilding Affordable Housing in New Orleans: The Challenge of Creating Inclusive Communities (Series/After Katrina)
|Posted to Web: January 30, 2006||Publication Date: January 30, 2006|
The challenge of rebuilding New Orleans and providing housing for its residents is immense, with tens of thousands of families displaced, their former homes destroyed or damaged beyond repair. The situation is especially difficult for families who lived in the poor, mostly African American neighborhoods that bore the brunt of the flood damage. The challenge going forward is even greater if New Orleans is to avoid old patterns of concentrating assisted housing and poor families in a few isolated communities. In this essay, we draw on evidence from innovative housing programs and development initiatives to outline a strategy that would allow New Orleans to recreate itself as an economically diverse, inclusive city that offers its low-income residents authentic opportunities. With careful planning by and for all, New Orleans can bring back its families and offer them homes in vibrant mixed-income communities.
Resilient Children: Literature Review and Evidence from the HOPE VI Panel Study--Final Report (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: January 30, 2006||Publication Date: January 30, 2006|
Children in the HOPE VI Panel Study sample face enormous challenges in becoming successful adults. Despite these challenges, some children do surprisingly well and seem able to cope effectively with the challenges in their environment. This report reviews existing research from a range of social science disciplines to identify key factors related to resiliency and to understand how these factors protect children from negative outcomes. Then, using data from the HOPE VI Panel Study, we explore which of these factors are related to resiliency in our sample of children from HOPE VI developments.
|Posted to Web: December 01, 2005||Publication Date: December 01, 2005|