Fairness in new New Orleans (Commentary)
Will the rebirth of New Orleans echo high-priced Las Vegas or Disneyland? The active involvement of New Orleans residents, business owners, and professional planners, say two experts on urban America, will be necessary to avoid resegregating the city's poor and minority citizens in isolated and distressed neighborhoods.
Issues and Insights after Hurricane Katrina (First Tuesday)
|Posted to Web: October 05, 2005||Publication Date: October 05, 2005|
[First Tuesdays Transcript] As the massive recovery effort gains speed in New Orleans, tens of thousands of displaced families are trying to pick up the pieces of their shattered lives in new host cities across the country. Congress has already approved $62 billion in aid, with more expected soon, and funds from the Federal Emergency Management Agency are beginning to reach those in need. But the long-term consequences of Hurricane Katrina are still unknown. Panelists at this forum discussed the issues families displaced by Hurricane Katrina will have to deal with in the months and years ahead as cities struggle to meet their education, social services, housing, and employment needs.
Responsible Relocation: Real Opportunities for Families Displaced by Katrina (Opinion)
|Posted to Web: October 04, 2005||Publication Date: October 04, 2005|
When an earthquake hit Northridge, California, in 1994, emergency housing vouchers helped hard-pressed families secure homes and apartments in decent neighborhoods. For those left destitute by recent Gulf Coast devastation, say two housing experts from the Urban Institute, vouchers, especially when coupled with counseling services, can open up opportunities for stability, security, and economic advancement.
Home-buying Vouchers for Storm Victims (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: October 03, 2005||Publication Date: October 03, 2005|
For Gulf Coast residents who survived Hurricane Katrina but no longer have homes, finding somewhere to live is an immediate concern. Steve Anlian, the Urban Institute's senior associate in Yerevan, Armenia, says housing vouchers are the answer. "As officials figure out how to respond to under- or uninsured home owners who are eligible for aid, experience abroad, in developing countries, argues strongly for multi-state housing-purchase vouchers."
Closing Doors on Americans' Housing Choices (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: September 23, 2005||Publication Date: September 23, 2005|
[Tulsa World] With media engrossed by skyrocketing home prices, Center on Metropolitan Housing and Communities Director Margery Austin Turner and Research Associate Carla Herbig remind readers that "for many Americans, spiraling home prices and rents aren't the only barriers to housing. Discrimination -- by landlords, real estate agents and mortgage lenders -- stands in the way of too many families searching for a place to live."
Low-End Rental Housing: The Forgotten Story in Baltimore's Housing Boom (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: September 18, 2005||Publication Date: September 18, 2005|
This monograph provides an intensive look at the low-end rental market in Baltimore--its renters, housing stock, ownership and government programs. Policy remedies are proposed to address the affordability, physical inadequacy, ownership profile, and policy deficits uncovered. Approaches include creation of an affordable housing trust fund, institutional ownership, and revisions to, and coordination among, the code enforcement, lead paint abatement and rental rehabilitation programs.
Do Asset Limits in Social Programs Affect the Accumulation of Wealth? (Policy Briefs/Opportunity and Ownership Project)
|Posted to Web: August 30, 2005||Publication Date: August 30, 2005|
In providing benefits to those without resources to support themselves, public assistance programs must define what counts as resources. Typically, programs consider assets and income in determining assistance eligibility. However, valuing assets can be difficult and asset tests create disincentives to save. In some cases, one additional dollar of assets can result in the loss of benefits worth thousands of dollars. Current practices raise two questions: are asset tests fair and do asset tests discourage asset accumulation? This brief identifies the population subject to asset tests, reviews existing research, considers strategies for meeting objectives, and offers suggestions for additional research.
Who Receives Homeownership Tax Deductions and How Much? (Article/Tax Facts)
|Posted to Web: August 04, 2005||Publication Date: August 04, 2005|
Some of the costliest tax expenditures the federal government allows go to subsidizing homeownership. In 2004, the total tax expenditure value of the mortgage interest deduction was $70.2 billion while the value for the real estate tax deduction was $19.3 billion. Fifty-four percent of these sums went to taxpayers at or above $100,000 of income and 72 percent went to taxpayers at or above $75,000. Very few taxpayers receive these two subsidies at low incomes-as most low-income tax filers owe little tax, do not itemize, and are less likely to own a home-and very many taxpayers receive them at higher incomes.
Overcoming Concentrated Poverty and Isolation: Ten Lessons for Policy and Practice (Policy Briefs)
|Posted to Web: August 01, 2005||Publication Date: August 01, 2005|
During the 1990s, the Department of Housing and Urban Development launched three rigorous research demonstrations testing alternative strategies for helping low-income families escape the isolation and distress of high-poverty, central-city communities. All three demonstrations were carefully designed to include rigorous controls and systematic data collection so that their implementation and impacts could be systematically evaluated. And all three are now generating provocative results that offer new insights for ongoing program experimentation and policy development. We draw ten broad lessons--including lessons about the potential for success, about the realities families face, about implementing complex strategies, and about obstacles to success. [View the corresponding report]
Overcoming Concentrated Poverty and Isolation (Executive Summary) (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: July 29, 2005||Publication Date: July 29, 2005|
During the 1990s, the Department of Housing and Urban Development launched three rigorous research demonstrations testing alternative strategies for helping low-income families escape the isolation and distress of high-poverty, central-city communities. All three demonstrations were carefully designed to include rigorous controls and systematic data collection so that their implementation and impacts could be systematically evaluated. And all three are now generating provocative results that offer new insights for ongoing program experimentation and policy development. We draw ten broad lessons--including lessons about the potential for success, about the realities families face, about implementing complex strategies, and about obstacles to success. [View the corresponding brief]
|Posted to Web: July 29, 2005||Publication Date: July 29, 2005|