Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities: Barriers at Every Step (Research Report)
Not enough is known about the prevalence of housing discrimination against persons with disabilities. Only slightly more than half of Americans know that it is illegal for landlords to refuse to make reasonable accommodation for persons with disabilities or to permit reasonable modification to a housing unit. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) contracted with the Urban Institute to advance the state of the art in testing to measure discrimination against persons with disabilities. UI found that persons with the disabilities studied encountered significant levels of adverse treatment when searching for rental housing in the Chicago area--even more than that of African-American or Hispanic renters in the Chicago-area housing market.
Federal Reserve Governor Edward Gramlich Is Named the Urban Institute's First Richard B. Fisher Senior Fellow (Press Release)
|Posted to Web: June 01, 2005||Publication Date: June 01, 2005|
Edward Gramlich, a member of the Federal Reserve System’s Board of Governors since 1997, will become the Urban Institute’s first Richard B. Fisher Senior Fellow in September. A distinguished educator, researcher, and federal official, Gramlich will focus on community redevelopment, affordable housing, and entitlement issues.
Preserving the Strengths of the Housing Choice Voucher Program: Statement of Margery Austin Turner before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity, Committee on Financial Services, United States House of Representatives (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: May 18, 2005||Publication Date: May 18, 2005|
The Housing Choice Voucher program plays a critical role in our nation's housing policy. One of its greatest strengths is that it allows families to choose the type of housing and neighborhood that best meets their needs. Social science research clearly shows that living in a distressed, high-poverty neighborhood undermines the well-being of families and the long-term life chances of children. When families are able to move to healthier communities, their lives improve measurably. The proposed State and Local Housing Flexibility Act of 2005 threatens to restrict choice and mobility for voucher families. The current voucher program certainly does not work perfectly, and growing experience points to promising strategies for addressing its weaknesses.
Preserving "Choice" in the Housing Choice Voucher Program (Opinion)
|Posted to Web: May 17, 2005||Publication Date: May 17, 2005|
The authors review the policy implications of "The State and Local Housing Flexibility Act of 2005," which was recently introduced in the Senate and House. Drawing on Urban Institute research, they discuss significant limitations on housing choice for families with housing vouchers and the possibility that many may end in high-poverty neighborhoods.
Five Questions: Sue Popkin on relocated public housing residents (Five Questions)
|Posted to Web: May 05, 2005||Publication Date: May 05, 2005|
Launched in 1992, HOPE VI provides grants to housing authorities to replace their severely distressed public housing with redesigned mixed-income developments and provides housing vouchers for some residents to rent apartments in the private market.
Five Questions for Martha Burt (Five Questions)
|Posted to Web: April 26, 2005||Publication Date: April 26, 2005|
Martha Burt, principal research associate in the Urban Institute's Center on Labor, Human Services and Population, is a leading expert on homelessness in America. An author of Helping America's Homeless: Emergency shelter or affordable housing?" (UI Press, 2001), she has conducted studies for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development that identify and describe promising approaches to ending and preventing homelessness. HUD released "Strategies for Reducing Chronic Street Homelessness"--the second in the series--in January 2004. Although no community has yet ended homelessness, the report documents community-wide approaches that are moving in the right direction.
Distressed Public Housing: What It Costs to Do Nothing (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 14, 2005||Publication Date: April 14, 2005|
Over the past decade, the HOPE VI program has invested over $5 billion in federal funds in the replacement or revitalization of severely distressed public housing developments. The current administration at HUD has been critical of the high costs of HOPE VI, and proposes that the program should be cut back dramatically or even eliminated. By our estimates, however, between 47,000 and 82,000 severely distressed units remain in the public housing inventory. Tackling the remaining inventory of severely distressed public housing would be costly. But doing nothing about distressed public housing has costs as well. This paper summarizes the existing research evidence on the costs of doing nothing about the remaining inventory of severely distressed public housing.
Moving to Better Neighborhoods with Mobility Counseling (Policy Briefs/Metropolitan Housing and Communities: A Roof Over Their Heads)
|Posted to Web: April 11, 2005||Publication Date: April 11, 2005|
This brief examines the efficacy of providing housing mobility assistance to families with vouchers by examining the Housing Opportunity Program in Chicago. To help families move to opportunity neighborhoods, HOP provides housing search counseling and unit referrals, free credit reports and budget counseling, transportation to view units, expedited housing inspections, workshops on landlord-tenant law, and post-move support. The authors find that voucher holders who enroll in HOP and receive mobility services are significantly more likely to move to opportunity neighborhoods. Vulnerable households, large families, black households and public housing relocatees are less likely to move to opportunity neighborhoods. [View the corresponding press release]
Low-Income Families Are Moving to Better Neighborhoods with Help from Chicago's Housing Mobility Program (Press Release)
|Posted to Web: March 07, 2005||Publication Date: March 07, 2005|
Families with housing vouchers are 52 percent more likely to move to low-poverty neighborhoods if they receive housing search assistance, a new study from the nonpartisan Urban Institute shows. The study, which looked at Chicago's Housing Opportunity Program (HOP), provides the first evidence that mobility-counseling programs can help families move out of high-poverty neighborhoods.
Defacto Shelters: Homeless Living in Vacant Public Housing Units (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: March 07, 2005||Publication Date: March 07, 2005|
As Chicago's public housing is demolished to make way for new mixed-income communities, an unknown number of homeless squatters living illegally in vacant public housing units will also lose their housing. As illegal squatters, these residents have neither legal right to relocation services nor the right to return to revitalized developments. This study has two main research objectives. The first is to count the number of homeless people illegally living in Ida B. Wells, a public housing development slated for demolition. We hope that quantifying the extent of the homelessness problem at Wells will assist policymakers in developing an effective response. The second objective is to understand the squatters' current living situations, the factors that contributed to their homelessness, and their service needs.
|Posted to Web: March 04, 2005||Publication Date: March 04, 2005|