Family and Household Data
Do Racial Disparities in Private Transfers Help Explain the Racial Wealth Gap?: New Evidence From Longitudinal Data (Research Report)
How do private transfers differ by race and ethnicity, and do such differences explain the racial and ethnic disparity in wealth? Using panel data and a family-level fixed-effect model, we find that African Americans and Hispanics (immigrant and nonimmigrant) receive less in both financial support and large gifts and inheritances than whites. Large gifts and inheritances, but not net financial support received, are related to wealth increases for African American and white families. Overall, we estimate that the African American shortfall in large gifts and inheritances accounts for 12 percent of the white-black racial wealth gap.
Does Financial Support and Inheritance Contribute to the Racial Wealth Gap?
Private Transfers, Race, and Wealth
Fewer Marriages, More Divergence: Marriage Projections for Millennials to Age 40 (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: May 28, 2014||Publication Date: May 20, 2014|
Declining marriage rates suggest a growing fraction of millennials will remain unmarried through age 40. In this brief, we use data from the American Community Survey to estimate age-specific marriage rates and project the percentage of millennials who will marry by age 40 in different scenarios. We find that the percentage of millennials marrying by age 40 will fall lower than for any previous generation of Americans, even in a scenario where marriage rates recover considerably. Moreover, marriage patterns will continue to diverge by education and race, increasing the divides between mostly married “haves” and increasingly single "have-nots".
Housing Finance At A Glance: A Monthly Chartbook: March 2014 (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
|Posted to Web: April 29, 2014||Publication Date: April 29, 2014|
At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center's monthly chartbook, provides timely metrics on the state of the housing market and examines public policy's role in housing finance. March's issue includes a new analysis of mortgage insurance activity comparing FHA and private mortgage insurance fees.
Overlapping Eligibility and Enrollment: Human Services and Health Programs Under the Affordable Care Act (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: March 18, 2014||Publication Date: March 18, 2014|
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has created new opportunities for health and human services programs to integrate eligibility determination, enrollment, and retention. Using two large microsimulation models—the Transfer Income Model, Version 3, and the Health Insurance Policy Simulation Model—we find considerable overlaps between expanded eligibility for health coverage and current receipt of human services benefits, particularly with Earned Income Tax Credits, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program. In an appendix, we identify specific data sharing strategies that seek to increase participation, lower administrative costs, and prevent errors.
Housing Finance At A Glance: A Monthly Chartbook: January 2014 (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
|Posted to Web: February 18, 2014||Publication Date: December 01, 2013|
The January edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center's monthly chartbook, provides timely metrics on the state of the housing market and the role of public policy in housing finance. This month’s issue contains a special quarterly feature on Fannie’s and Freddie’s loan composition and performance.
Housing Finance at a Glance: A Monthly Chartbook : December 2013 (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: January 21, 2014||Publication Date: January 21, 2014|
The December edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center's monthly chartbook, provides timely metrics on the state of the housing market and the role of public policy in housing finance. Topics also include the GSEs under conservatorship, modification activity, and agency issuance and Fed purchases. New this month are an overview of house price trends nationally and by MSA, and rates of delinquency and negative equity over time.
Characteristics of Families Served by the Child Support (IV-D) Program: 2010 Census Survey Results (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 19, 2013||Publication Date: December 19, 2013|
This report uses the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau to describe custodial families served by the IV-D program, a federally mandated program that promotes parental responsibility and family self-sufficiency by providing families with child support services. According to the data, over 60 percent of custodial families participate in the IV-D program, approximately half of the families in the IV-D program had incomes below 150 percent of the poverty threshold, and custodial parents who are poor, never married, under the age of 30, and have limited education are much more likely to receive IV-D services than other custodial parents.
Documentation on the Urban Institute's American Community Survey Health Insurance Policy Simulation Model (ACS-HIPSM) (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: October 17, 2013||Publication Date: October 17, 2013|
The model documented here builds off of the Urban Institute's base HIPSM, which uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) as its core data set, matched to several other data sets including the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component (MEPS-HC), to predict changes in national health insurance coverage and spending under ACA using a micro-simulation modeling approach. To create HIPSM-ACS, we apply the core behavioral estimates coming from base HIPSM to ACS records (using a series HIPSM-estimated imputation models) to exploit the much larger sample size for more precise estimates at the state and sub-state level.
Broken Immigration Policy: Broken Families (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: June 13, 2013||Publication Date: June 13, 2013|
This brief discusses how immigration policy keeps families apart and presents national data attesting
to these family separations. Immigrants are more likely than natives to be married with spouse
absent, their households are more likely to be headed by men with no wife present, and foreign-born
children are more likely to be in nonchild relationships to the householder than natives. In a subset of
foreign-born children with at least one parent in the United States, 21 percent were separated from
their mothers and 34 percent from their fathers for 1 year or more.
Astoria Houses Neighborhood Survey for Zone 126 Promise Neighborhood, 2012 (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 22, 2013||Publication Date: April 22, 2013|
Zone 126 is a nonprofit neighborhood organization in Queens, New York City that was awarded a Promise Neighborhood planning grant from the US Department of Education in 2011. The Urban Institute developed a neighborhood survey for residents of Astoria Houses, a public housing development in the Zone 126 neighborhood, to support Zone 126's needs assessment and planning process. Zone 126 used results from the survey to inform the initiative’s family and child-centered programming. This report summarizes the methodology and findings of the survey and provides the survey instrument and sources of survey questions.
|Posted to Web: December 10, 2012||Publication Date: November 30, 2012|