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Adoption and Foster Care by Lesbian and Gay Parents in the United States (Research Report)
Gary Gates, Lee M.V. Badgett, Jennifer Ehrle Macomber, Kate Chambers

Discussion and debate about adoption and foster care by gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) parents occurs frequently among policymakers, social service agencies, and social workers. Three states currently restrict GLB people from adopting and more are considering similar policies. This report provides new information on GLB adoption and foster care from several government data sources. It offers a demographic portrait of the estimated 65,500 adopted children and 14,100 foster children living with gay and lesbian parents. It also assesses the costs to child welfare systems of proposed bans on allowing GLB people to foster.

Posted to Web: March 27, 2007Publication Date: March 23, 2007

Gay Men and Lesbians in the U.S. Military: Estimates from Census 2000 (Research Report)
Gary Gates

Using data from Census 2000, this research brief estimates the size of the gay and lesbian population serving in the military and provides a demographic portrait of this often invisible minority. Census data make clear that gay men and lesbians are actively serving in the armed forces now and have served throughout the later part of the 20th century. However, their patterns of service are not precisely the same as those of other men and women. Coupled gay men are less likely to report military service than other men, while coupled lesbians are more likely than other women to serve. [Read the corresponding press release online.]

Posted to Web: September 28, 2004Publication Date: September 28, 2004

In Cities, Suburbs and the Sticks: Gary Gates Uncovers the U.S. Communities that Same-Sex Couples Call Home (Commentary)
Gary Gates

[Financial Times] Not too long ago, only a few large U.S. cities, such as San Francisco and New York, were thought of as gay meccas. Today, hundreds of American towns bear gay markings, not only in the form of a few fluttering rainbow flags but in thriving urban businesses, suburban cultural offerings and revitalized holiday venues. This article uses findings from The Gay and Lesbian Atlas (Urban Institute Press, 2004) to show there is more than anecdotal evidence to support the growing belief that gay and lesbians are vital to many American communities.

Posted to Web: September 04, 2004Publication Date: September 04, 2004

Same-Sex Marriage: What's at Stake for Business? (Commentary)
Bob Witeck, Gary Gates

[Investor's Business Daily] More than 7,400 companies now offer equal benefits to the same-sex partners of their employees. But divergent national, state and local laws affecting same-sex couples and their families are sending businesses into unclear territory. This oped argues that national recognition of same-sex marriage would benefit companies by allowing them to treat all their employees equally with regard to employment policies.

Posted to Web: July 21, 2004Publication Date: July 21, 2004

A Demographic Profile of New Jersey's Gay and Lesbian Families (Research Report)
Gary Gates, Jason Ost

The same-sex marriage debate has focused heavily on Massachusetts, the first state to initiate legal marriages for same-sex couples. New Jersey appears to be the next battleground in this controversial debate. This research brief offers insights into the issues at stake in New Jersey's same-sex marriage debate, especially those related to children being raised by gay and lesbian couples. Findings from Census 2000 suggest that between 10,000 and 12,400 children are being raised by gay and lesbian couples in New Jersey. Many of the rights associated with marriage, like access to health insurance and social security survivor benefits, are designed to provide some economic protection for children. The data confirm that New Jersey's same-sex families with children are already at some economic disadvantage compared to their heterosexual counterparts. The lack of marriage rights could be exacerbating that situation.

Posted to Web: July 01, 2004Publication Date: July 01, 2004

Gay and Lesbian Atlas, The (Book)
Jason Ost, Gary Gates

While the words "we are everywhere" can be frequently heard at gay and lesbian political events, The Gay and Lesbian Atlas provides the first empirical confirmation of this rallying cry. Drawing on the most recent data from the U.S. Census, this groundbreaking work offers a detailed geographic and demographic portrait of gay and lesbian families in all 50 states plus the top 25 U.S. metropolitan areas. These results, presented in more than 250 full-color maps and charts, will both confirm and challenge anecdotal information about the spatial distribution and demographic characteristics of this community. It is probably no surprise that San Francisco, Key West, and western Massachusetts all host large gay and lesbian populations, but it might surprise some that Houston, Texas, contains one of the ten "gayest" neighborhoods in the country, or that Alaska and New Mexico have high concentrations of gay and lesbian couples in their senior populations. The Atlas is a unique and important resource for the political and public policy communities, public health officials, social scientists, and anyone interested in gay and lesbian issues

Posted to Web: May 03, 2004Publication Date: May 03, 2004

Facts and Findings from The Gay and Lesbian Atlas (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
Gary Gates, Jason Ost

The Gay and Lesbian Atlas, by demographer Gary Gates and researcher Jason Ost, is the first book to give a detailed geographic account of America's gay and lesbian households. Published by the Urban Institute Press, The Gay and Lesbian Atlas mines Census 2000 data on the characteristics of 594,391 same-sex "unmarried partner" couples, offering a unique statistical portrait that confirms some anecdotal perceptions of this understudied community and challenges others. These fact sheets encapsulate findings from the Atlas regarding the location patterns of various kinds of gay and lesbian households.

Posted to Web: March 30, 2004Publication Date: March 30, 2004

The Cost of Marriage Inequality to Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Seniors: A Human Rights Campaign Foundation Report (Research Report)
Lisa Bennett, Gary Gates

When a gay, lesbian, or bisexual senior dies, his or her surviving partner faces a financial loss that can amount to tens of thousands of dollars because the couple cannot be recognized as legally married in the United States. Without marriage, Social Security survivor benefits are not available, retirement plans inherited from a partner are heavily taxed, and estate taxes apply to the inheritance of a home. Using data from Census 2000, this report analyzes and quantifies how the lack of legal marriage recognition affects the financial stability of same-sex senior couples.

Posted to Web: January 21, 2004Publication Date: January 21, 2004

Don't Ignore Gay Unions' Social, Economic Impact (Commentary)
Gary Gates

[USA Today] Like many gay and lesbian policy debates, discussions of same-sex marriage often ignore the social and economic implications for those affected most. Does the public really understand how long lesbians and gay men stay in relationships or how many raise children, pay taxes, and retire without receiving rights given to other Americans who live their lives in the same way and in the same places? Perhaps basic rights would not be denied if basic facts were known.

Posted to Web: October 23, 2003Publication Date: October 23, 2003

Gay Veterans Top One Million (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
Gary Gates, Urban Institute

An estimated 1 million veterans in the United States are gay men or lesbians. Recent surveys suggest that 4 percent of U.S. adults are gay or lesbian and that 17 percent of gay men and 8 percent of lesbians have served in the military. This means that of the 27.5 million veterans counted in Census 2000, 683,000 (2 percent) are gay men and 350,000 (1 percent) are lesbians.

Posted to Web: July 09, 2003Publication Date: July 09, 2003

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