Research Associate I
Income and Benefits Policy Center
Stephan Lindner is a Research Associate in the Income and Benefits Policy Center of the The Urban Institute. His research addresses and evaluates social insurance and welfare programs, especially Social Security Disability Insurance, Supplement Security Income, and Unemployment Insurance, with a particular focus on how economic circumstances, income sources, and program characteristics influence program participation for displaced and disabled workers. His other research includes underlying causes of displacement, in particular technological change.
Dr. Lindner earned his Diploma in Economics from the Universitaet zu Koeln (where he minored in Sociology and Philosophy) and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan.
Understanding the Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Immigration Reform: A Guide to Current Studies and Possible Expansions (Research Report)
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This report assesses six studies relevant to immigration reform debate. It examines their methods, assumptions, strengths and limitations, and creates a framework for assessing current and future research. We found that economic impact studies agree that immigration reform will increase GDP. Fiscal impact studies, which measure the effect on government outlays and revenues, agree less. Differences in findings arise from differences in scope and time; treatment of the second generation; definition of the immigration reform scenario; modeling of the current law over time; and assumptions regarding labor force, wage growth, and the number of immigrants that will attain legal status.
Consequences of Long-Term Unemployment (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 07, 2013||Publication Date: November 07, 2013|
Being out of work for six months or more is associated with lower well-being among the long-term unemployed, their families, and their communities. Each week out of work means more lost income. The long-term unemployed also tend to earn less once they find new jobs. They tend to be in poorer health and have children with worse academic performance than similar workers who avoided unemployment. The extent to which those differences are due to the duration of joblessness as opposed to job loss itself or differences in the characteristics between the long-term unemployed and other workers is less clear.
Why are Fewer People in the Labor Force During the Great Recession? (Policy Briefs/Unemployment and Recovery)
|Posted to Web: August 20, 2013||Publication Date: August 20, 2013|
This study examines changes in labor force participation during and after the Great Recession and makes comparisons with the recession of 2001. A deceleration in labor force entry rather than an acceleration in labor force exits has driven the decline in labor force participation during and after the Great Recession. The decline in entry rates is concentrated among women, particularly young women and among men ages 55 and older. Moreover, we find that the labor force exit rate is lower following the Great Recession than it was following the 2001 recession.
Recessionary Loss of Routine Occupations Within and Between Industries (Policy Briefs/Unemployment and Recovery)
|Posted to Web: August 01, 2013||Publication Date: August 01, 2013|
This brief examines how employment in routine and nonroutine jobs changed both within and across industries during the Great Recession. Only a small fraction of the decline in routine jobs can be attributed to declining shares of routine jobs within industries. Most of the decline occurred between industries, because industries with a high share of routine jobs lost more employment than industries with a small share of routine jobs. This implies that workers in routine occupations who lost their jobs during the Great Recession will likely need to develop new skills for a different, nonroutine occupation in a different industry.
How Do Unemployment Insurance Modernization Laws Affect the Number and Composition of Eligible? (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 30, 2013||Publication Date: April 25, 2013|
In recent years, states have considered several changes to the Unemployment Insurance (UI) system, with the goal of expanding the pool of workers eligible for benefits. Those reforms are loosening the work history requirement (i.e., adopting the alternative base period), increasing eligibility for those seeking part-time work, and allowing workers who quit their jobs for compelling family obligations to be eligible for UI benefits. We find without such changes, slightly more than half of all individuals out of work would be eligible for benefits; if all these changes were universally adopted, more than 70 percent of them would be eligible.
The Impact of Temporary Assistance Programs on Disability Rolls and Re-Employment (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: July 23, 2012||Publication Date: July 23, 2012|
Unemployed workers participate in various temporary assistance programs. They are also more likely to apply for Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI), growing programs with large costs. Temporary benefits can both increase and decrease probabilities of re-employment and application for DI/SSI. When controlling for selection bias, we find evidence that increased access to unemployment benefits reduces applications for DI, while increased access to food benefits increases applications for SSI. These results suggest that applications for DI/SSI are sensitive to participation in temporary assistance programs, and that increased access to unemployment is less costly than it may appear.
|Posted to Web: February 15, 2012||Publication Date: January 31, 2012|
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