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View Research by Author - Josh Mitchell


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Educational Attainment and Earnings Inequality among US-Born Men: A Lifetime Perspective (Research Report)
Josh Mitchell

This report tracks the lifetime earnings of men born in the U.S. between 1940 and 1974, focusing on how earnings differences by educational attainment, age, and year of birth have evolved. Both annual and lifetime earnings inequality increased dramatically for men born in the mid-1950s onward. That increase reflects both absolute earnings gains to highly educated workers (especially those with more than a four-year college degree) and absolute earnings losses to less educated workers. Earnings inequality also increases substantially among those with the same level of educational attainment, complicating standard assumptions about the lifetime value of a college degree.

Posted to Web: April 08, 2014Publication Date: April 08, 2014

Who Are the Long-Term Unemployed? (Research Report)
Josh Mitchell

Relative to currently employed workers, those who have been out of work for more than 26 weeks (the long-term unemployed) tend to be less educated and are more likely to be nonwhite, unmarried, disabled, impoverished, and to have worked previously in the construction industry and construction occupations. The long-term unemployed have much more in common with workers who are newly unemployed and workers who have become discouraged and dropped out of the labor force. This suggests that solutions to long-term unemployment may be effective for other workers who have experienced other forms of labor market distress.

Posted to Web: August 20, 2013Publication Date: August 20, 2013

Consequences of Long-Term Unemployment (Research Report)
Austin Nichols, Josh Mitchell, Stephan Lindner

Being out of work for six months or more is associated with lower well-being among the long-term unemployed, their families, and their communities. Each week out of work means more lost income. The long-term unemployed also tend to earn less once they find new jobs. They tend to be in poorer health and have children with worse academic performance than similar workers who avoided unemployment. The extent to which those differences are due to the duration of joblessness as opposed to job loss itself or differences in the characteristics between the long-term unemployed and other workers is less clear.

Posted to Web: August 20, 2013Publication Date: August 20, 2013

Government Job Losses Hit the Young, the Less Educated, and Women the Hardest (Fact Sheet/Unemployment and Recovery Project)
Josh Mitchell

The Great Recession was characterized by dramatic declines in private-sector employment with a lagged decline in public-sector jobs as well. Even as the private sector has slowly recovered, public-sector job losses have continued to mount. This analysis finds that in both the private and public sectors, job losses have hit the young, the less educated, and women the hardest. Therefore, the public sector has reinforced rather than buffered private-sector trends.

Posted to Web: February 28, 2013Publication Date: February 28, 2013

Job Polarization and the Great Recession (Policy Briefs/Unemployment and Recovery)
Josh Mitchell, Austin Nichols

For decades, the labor market has grown more polarized with employment and wages growing more slowly for middle-skill jobs than for other jobs. By most measures, polarization did not accelerate during the Great Recession. More polarization is evident, however, in the wages of re-employed workers.

Posted to Web: October 15, 2012Publication Date: October 15, 2012

Labor Market and Demographic Analysis: A National Picture of Short-term Employment Growth by Skill (Research Report)
Pamela J. Loprest, Josh Mitchell

Over the next five years, employment growth is projected to be slightly higher for jobs that require both the lowest and highest levels of education, although job growth is modest to slow across the board. The prospects for low-skill workers in the short-term are best in the leisure and hospitality sector and the professional and business services sector, with additional jobs appearing in construction as that sector continues to recover. A companion portrait of unemployed workers highlights that a disproportionate number of those seeking work are low-skilled.

Posted to Web: June 20, 2012Publication Date: June 20, 2012

Where It Really Hurts: Job Losses for Low-Skill Workers by State (Fact Sheet/Unemployment and Recovery Project)
Josh Mitchell

Labor market deterioration during the Great Recession has been both substantial overall and unevenly distributed across regions and types of workers. In particular, low-skill workers have lost proportionately more jobs than other workers nationwide and done particularly poorly in a number of states. This fact sheet shows the loss of low-skill jobs by state over the recession and how it compares to overall job losses by state.

Posted to Web: October 11, 2011Publication Date: October 11, 2011


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