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Viewing 1-7 of 7. Most recent posts listed first.

Examining Racial Disparities in the Sixth Judicial District of Iowa’s Probation Revocation Outcomes (Research Report)
Helen Ho, Justin Breaux, Jesse Jannetta, Malinda Lamb

The Urban Institute examined racial disparities in the probation revocation rates in Iowa’s Sixth Judicial District. Black probationers in the study sample were revoked at significantly higher rates than both white and Hispanic probationers. Disparities in revocation outcomes persisted after controlling for available legal and demographic factors. A little over half of the black-white disparity in revocation rates was attributable to group differences in characteristics other than race. This brief situates the study in the context of the SJD’s past efforts addressing disparities in probation processes and outcomes and discusses potential future directions in light of the study findings.

Posted to Web: July 08, 2014Publication Date: June 30, 2014

Examining Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Probation Revocation: Summary Findings and Implications from a Multisite Study (Summary)
Jesse Jannetta, Justin Breaux, Helen Ho, Jeremy Porter

This brief presents summary findings from an Urban Institute study examining the degree of racial and ethnic disparity in probation revocation outcomes and the drivers of that disparity in four diverse probation jurisdictions. Black probationers were revoked at higher rates than white and Hispanic probationers in all study sites. Differences in risk assessment scores and criminal history were major contributors to the black–white disparity. Results for disparity to the disadvantage of Hispanic probationers were mixed. The brief concludes with a discussion of policy implications for probation and the criminal justice system as a whole.

Posted to Web: July 08, 2014Publication Date: June 30, 2014

Responding to Racial Disparities in the Multnomah County’s Probation Revocation Outcomes (Research Report)
Justin Breaux, Kimberly Bernard, Helen Ho, Jesse Jannetta

The Urban Institute examined racial disparities in probation revocation rates in Multnomah County, Oregon. Black probationers in the study sample were twice as likely to experience a revocation as were white and Hispanic probationers, although the base rate of revocations was very low for all groups. Disparities in revocation outcomes persisted after controlling for available legal and demographic factors. This brief situates the study in the context of Multnomah County’s past efforts to improve probation practices and address disparities in probation processes and outcomes. It discusses policy implications and future directions for improvement in light of the study findings.

Posted to Web: July 08, 2014Publication Date: June 30, 2014

Justice Reinvestment Initiative State Assessment Report (Research Report)
Nancy G. La Vigne, Samuel Bieler, Lindsey Cramer, Helen Ho, Cybele Kotonias, Debbie Mayer, Dave McClure, Laura Pacifici, Erika Parks, Bryce Peterson, Julie Samuels

Seventeen Justice Reinvestment Initiative states are projected to save as much as $4.6 billion through reforms that increase the efficiency of their criminal justice systems. Eight states that had JRI policies in effect for at least one year – Arkansas, Hawaii, Louisiana, Kentucky, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, and South Carolina – reduced their prison populations. Through the Initiative, states receive federal dollars to assess and improve their criminal justice systems while enhancing public safety. This report chronicles 17 states as they enacted comprehensive criminal justice reforms relying on bipartisan and interbranch collaboration. The study notes common factors that drove prison growth and costs and documents how each state responded with targeted policies.

Posted to Web: January 27, 2014Publication Date: January 27, 2014

Justice Reinvestment: A Toolkit for Local Leaders (Research Report)
Helen Ho, S. Rebecca Neusteter, Nancy G. La Vigne

Justice reinvestment is a promising model for reducing corrections costs using a data-driven and collaborative approach. This toolkit presents an overview of the justice reinvestment model for local leaders, including examples from localities that have implemented justice reinvestment. More resources can be found at http://justicereinvestment.urban.org.

Posted to Web: November 12, 2013Publication Date: November 12, 2013

The Justice Reinvestment Initiative: Experiences from the States (Research Report)
Nancy G. La Vigne, Julie Samuels, Samuel Bieler, Debbie Mayer, Laura Pacifici, Lindsey Cramer, Bryce Peterson, Cybele Kotonias, Dave McClure, Helen Ho

This brief summarizes the efforts of states involved in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), a program designed to identify and implement cost-efficient, evidence-based criminal justice reforms. To do so, jurisdictions use data analysis to identify criminal justice population and cost drivers and then develop policy options to reduce those drivers. The 17 states that have adopted the JRI model are projected to save $3.3 billion over 10 years. States plan to reinvest a share of these savings into high-performing public safety strategies.

Posted to Web: August 01, 2013Publication Date: August 01, 2013

Lessons Learned through The Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati's: Substance Use Disorder and Severe Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System Initiative (Research Report)
Jocelyn Fontaine, Helen Ho, Kaitlin Greer

Collaboration between criminal justice, mental health, and substance use disorder practitioners has the potential to improve outcomes for people with multiple needs. There has been a lack of collaboration between these fields in the past, leading to gaps in services and poor outcomes. To address this need, the Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati funded 99 grants to improve services for criminal justice populations with a substance use disorder and/or mental health issue. The grantees reported improved client outcomes and a better understanding of the criminal justice and behavioral health fields.

Posted to Web: July 03, 2013Publication Date: March 01, 2013

 

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