Who Does What? The Changing Shape of U.S. Federalism (Research Report)
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Surrounding many of the debates about the public sector has been one about which government level should be involved in performing which functions. As an empirical matter, both centralization and decentralization have occurred together throughout U.S. history. The vast majority of federalism choices are mainly made to resolve the equality/diversity (pro-centralism) and uniformity/ experimentation (pro-decentralization) dilemmas endemic in a federal system. There is no a priori basis for knowing which government level is best, but beyond constitutional restrictions, the criterion should be the very pragmatic one of which level is best able to take on the problem at hand.
This chapter is an excerpt from the book The Government We Deserve: Responsive Democracy and Changing Expectations, available from the Urban Institute Press.
Booms and Busts: The Case of Subprime Mortgages (Presentation)
|Posted to Web: November 29, 2012||Publication Date: June 30, 1998|
Edward Gramlich, the Richard B. Fisher Senior Fellow at the Urban Institute and a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System from 1997 to 2005, died September 5. In his last paper, delivered at a Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City symposium shortly before his death, he called for swift action to fix the problems in the subprime mortgage market. The paper was presented by former Federal Reserve colleague David Wilcox, who offered "Four Images of Ned Gramlich" before reading Gramlich's "Booms and Busts: The Case of Subprime Mortgages."
Subprime Mortgages: America's Latest Boom and Bust (Book)
|Posted to Web: September 11, 2007||Publication Date: August 31, 2007|
A new Urban Institute Press book offers a slate of reform opportunities for the ailing subprime mortgage market and provides one of the first comprehensive analyses of this still-evolving segment of the mortgage industry.
It's Not Your Parents' Mortgage Market Anymore (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: June 19, 2007||Publication Date: June 29, 2007|
In this Washington Examiner commentary, senior fellow Edward Gramlich argues that, despite foreclosures, three-quarters of new homeowners with subprime mortgages are making their payments. However, policymakers should consider increasing protections and safeguards for them.
The Survey of Consumer Finances and Homeownership (Article/Opportunity and Ownership Facts)
|Posted to Web: April 06, 2007||Publication Date: April 06, 2007|
The Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) is a data series on household wealth compiled by the Federal Reserve. Every three years the Fed surveys about 4,500 American households, asking about their income, saving, wealth, types of wealth, debt, debt payments, and so forth, garnering valuable information. This brief focuses on homeownership, using the SCF to examine variations in ownership rates and overextension ratios by race and income.
Five Questions With Edward Gramlich (Five Questions)
|Posted to Web: March 05, 2007||Publication Date: March 05, 2007|
Edward Gramlich is the Urban Institute's first Richard B. Fisher Senior Fellow and the author of America's Second Housing Boom, a new brief on the benefits and risks of the subprime mortgages offered to lower-income buyers. He discusses affordable housing, national health insurance, and recommendations for the new Congress.
America's Second Housing Boom (Policy Briefs/Opportunity and Ownership Project)
|Posted to Web: February 01, 2007||Publication Date: February 01, 2007|
The prime mortgage market largely fueled America's first housing burst after World War II. Low- and moderate-income households, largely excluded from this earlier movement, are getting swept into the second housing boom. This brief details how homeownership has again expanded, this time fueled by the development of the subprime market. Rising interest-payment burdens for many subprime borrowers, however, might mean delinquencies and foreclosures.
Why Deficits Matter: Testimony Before the U.S. House Budget Committee (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: January 30, 2007||Publication Date: February 01, 2007|
With rapid increases in entitlement spending just over the horizon, now is the time to get deficits down and national saving up, senior fellow Edward Gramlich told the House Budget Committee.
Social Security Reform: One More Time (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: January 23, 2007||Publication Date: January 23, 2007|
There has been much breast-beating lately about future entitlement spending burdens. The out-year liabilities of Social Security seem quite large—$11 trillion in present-value terms. How can the nation ever deal with such major funding problems? While I have offered a specific plan in the past, most notably when I chaired one of the Social Security advisory councils ten years ago, in this paper I focus only on a broader strategy. While the present Social Security system is not by itself terribly far out of long-term actuarial balance, when combined with Medicare, the country is facing major problems in funding projected entitlement spending down the road.
Eight Pathways to the Government We Deserve (Policy Briefs/Future of the Public Sector)
|Posted to Web: September 25, 2005||Publication Date: September 25, 2005|
The authors discuss citizens' increasing estrangement from government and propose eight pathways to a government more attuned to current and future needs: (1) freeing the fiscal future; (2) giving social insurance a modern face; (3) making a government for all ages; (4) improving everyone's chance to build financial security; (5) investing in lifetime learning ; (6) increasing the time children spend with adults; (7) supporting the modern family; and (8) fostering a new democratic citizenship. The focus is on how these areas can restore government ownership to citizens and enable the development of a more dynamic public sector.
|Posted to Web: October 01, 1998||Publication Date: October 01, 1998|
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