The Charitable Contribution Deduction: Section 170 Reorganized (Research Report)
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This paper attempts first to clarify tax rules concerning charitable contributions by reorganizing section 170 and simplifying the language, where possible, so that the operative rules will be clearer. In addition, a revision of the estate and gift tax provisions, intended to increase uniformity, is proposed. The possibility of further substantial simplification is explored in the section by section analysis which follows the proposed code revision. Whether or not the Code is actually revised in accordance with the proposed draft, having this tool available will help analyze the statute.
Legislative Options for Simplifying and Restructuring the Charitable Deduction (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: March 21, 2013||Publication Date: March 21, 2013|
Section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code (Charitable Contributions) now contains 16 subsections divided into 75 paragraphs and who knows how many subparagraphs. The CCH version of Section 170 and its legislative history takes up 35 pages. In addition, much of this voluminous statute is difficult to parse. This brief reorganizes and, where possible, simplifies the rules of section 170 which, hopefully, will increase understanding and thereby enhance the possibility of both reform and simplification.
Some substantial changes are included, particularly general uniformity for income, gift, and estate tax deductions and many more potential modifications are presented.
Tax Proposals in the 2011 Budget (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: January 07, 2013||Publication Date: January 07, 2013|
The Tax Policy Center has examined the key tax proposals in President Obama's 2011 budget. Separate discussions below describe each of the proposals including current law, proposed changes, and, when appropriate, the distributional effects. The budget as presented by the president lacks complete details on many of the tax proposals. Some provisions had virtually no detail and our discussion of them is necessarily limited.
Mitigating the Potential Inequity of Reducing Corporate Rates (Occasional Paper)
|Posted to Web: February 19, 2010||Publication Date: February 19, 2010|
Some tax proposals would reduce the marginal corporate tax rate. Others would boost the top individual rate. Although a differential between corporate and individual rates could reduce the overall tax on distributed corporate income, it could also enable higher-income taxpayers to shelter income from taxation. This paper explains how denying the lower corporate rate to income from services and passive investments combined with provisions that prevent people from permanently escaping tax on retained earnings would mitigate this problem.
Tax Proposals in the 2010 Budget (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: July 29, 2009||Publication Date: July 29, 2009|
President Obama's 2010 Budget contains a number of tax provisions that would cut taxes for low- and middle-income households and raise taxes on wealthier taxpayers. This resource guide describes the tax proposals, offers more detailed commentary on key provisions, and links to tables showing the distributional effects of the overall proposal and various elements of the plan.
Tax Stimulus Report Card: Conference Bill (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: March 16, 2009||Publication Date: March 16, 2009|
This report card evaluates the provisions of the Finance and Ways & Means Committees' conference tax stimulus bill (the "American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009"). The evaluation is preliminary and does not include all of the provisions in the bill most notably we omit provisions related to state and local debt and recovery zone credits. TPC will update the report card if significant changes occur before Congress passes the bill.
Tax Stimulus Report Card: Senate Finance Committee (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: February 13, 2009||Publication Date: February 13, 2009|
The Tax Policy Center has graded the key tax provisions of the pending Senate stimulus bill (the "American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Plan of 2009"). Our grades, which rely on the bill's legislative language, focus on how well these measures would boost the economy in the short run. Accompanying write-ups describe current law, the proposed change, and the short- and long-term effects on the budget, the economy, fairness and tax complexity. We will update the report card as we learn more about the provisions and as the stimulus bill moves through Congress.
|Posted to Web: January 29, 2009||Publication Date: January 29, 2009|
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