Residential Mobility and Neighborhood Change: Real Neighborhoods Under the Microscope (Research Report)
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Residential mobility changes lives and neighborhoods. Efforts to build strong communities are caught up with this dynamic but have insufficient understanding of its complexities. This study, of the Making Connections initiative’s 10 target communities, evaluates push and pull factors of mobility decisions. Cluster analysis revealed discernible groups based on life cycle, economic factors, and neighborhood attachment. The study also investigated the effect of residential mobility on neighborhood composition, finding that change was primarily due to differences between movers and newcomers—rather than changes for stayers. Study neighborhoods functioned in quite different ways that are relevant to well-being and community development.
Finding Place in Making Connections Communities: Applying GIS to Residents' Perceptions of Their Neighborhoods (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: February 04, 2013||Publication Date: February 04, 2013|
Foundation- and government-sponsored initiatives often want to help disadvantaged neighborhoods and families in tandem. Yet many do not connect with their constituencies because the initiatives find target areas through census tracts and the like, which seldom match residents' definitions of their neighborhoods. Claudia J. Coulton, Tsui Chan, and Kristen Mikelbank (Case Western Reserve University) survey residents from 10 cities served by the Annie E. Casey Making Connections initiative, then employ GIS tools to discover the spaces residents call their neighborhoods as well as compare them with external definitions.
Family Mobility and Neighborhood Change: New Evidence and Implications for Community Initiatives (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: March 30, 2010||Publication Date: January 01, 2010|
Americans change residences frequently. Residential mobility can reflect positive changes in a family's
circumstances or be a symptom of instability and insecurity. Mobility may also change neighborhoods as
a whole. To shed light on these challenges, this report uses a unique survey conducted for the Making
Connections initiative. The first component measures how mobility contributed to changes in neighborhoods'
composition and characteristics. The second component identifies groups of households that reflect different reasons for moving or staying in place. The final component introduces five stylized models of neighborhood performance: each has implications for low-income families' well-being and for
Catalog of Administrative Data Sources for Neighborhood Indicators (Document)
|Posted to Web: November 02, 2009||Publication Date: November 02, 2009|
The data used to craft neighborhood indicators often come from the records of administrative agencies. These are particularly useful for community indicators because they are timelier or can be applied to smaller areas than government surveys. This monograph describes 42 of these data sources. It begins with a brief section on recent developments in neighborhood indicators work, followed by a discussion of some of the challenges of using administrative records data for these purposes. The main body of the monograph is a catalog that describes the sources and gives examples of the types of indicators that can be constructed from each.
Neighborhoods and Health: Building Evidence for Local Policy (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: January 30, 2008||Publication Date: September 01, 2007|
Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this report summarizes a project conducted by the Urban Institute and five partners in the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership—Cleveland, Denver, Indianapolis, Oakland and Providence. For the first component of the project, each site compiled and analyzed new neighborhood-level indicators pertaining to local health issues and used the data to further local health improvement initiatives. For the second component, researchers examined relationships across sites between neighborhood conditions and five key health indicators (teen birthrates, rates of early prenatal care, rates of low-birth-weight births, infant mortality rates, and age-adjusted mortality rates).
Public Assistance Records: A Source for Neighborhood Indicators (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: May 30, 2003||Publication Date: May 30, 2003|
This National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP) guide describes how public assistance records can be used as a source of data for neighborhood indicators. The data are maintained by government agencies that administer cash assistance (i.e., Temporary Assistance for Needy Families), food stamps, and medical assistance. Indicators of public assistance participation rates, case demographics, persistence of poverty, welfare to work and residential churning are described in detail, including a discussion of methodological issues and problems in interpretation.
Vital Records: A Source for Neighborhood Indicators (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: September 01, 1999||Publication Date: September 01, 1999|
Vital records are the most universally available and uniform set of administrative records that have
been used for neighborhood indicators. Virtually all births and deaths are registered locally and compiled by
state governments. The information on birth and death certificates is used to compile measures of the
health of the population and to calculate proxies for social conditions and population demographics. Health
statistics from vital records, published for the nation and for most states, have played a long-standing role in
public health. More recently, some locales are compiling vital statistics for neighborhoods and using the
resulting indicators for neighborhood planning and action.
This paper will focus on the use of vital records for calculating neighborhood indicators. Selected
indicators will be described in detail along with a discussion of methodological issues and problems in
|Posted to Web: November 01, 1998||Publication Date: November 01, 1998|
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