Life after Prison: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Chicago, Cleveland, and Houston (Research Report)
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This research brief describes the experiences of 652 male prisoners in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas, who participated in the Urban Institute's longitudinal study of prisoner reentry, Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry. The men were surveyed shortly before release from prison and interviewed two times following their release—at two and seven months after release. This research brief describes characteristics of the men and their reentry experiences—including program participation, housing, family relationships, substance use, employment, reoffending, and reincarceration. The brief also summarizes findings from previous Returning Home reports regarding predictors of reintegration outcomes.
The Multi-site Evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: May 27, 2010||Publication Date: May 15, 2010|
The Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) funded 69 agencies in 2003 to develop programs to improve criminal justice, employment, education, health, and housing outcomes for released prisoners. These programs were to conduct assessments and provide participants programs and services during and after incarceration. The SVORI Multi-site Evaluation, awarded to RTI International and The Urban Institute by the National Institute of Justice, examined the extent to which SVORI program participation improved access to appropriate, comprehensive, integrated services and resulted in better outcomes. Additional volumes regarding the findings of this evaluation are available at http://www.svori-evaluation.org/.
The Impact of Marital and Relationship Status on Social Outcomes for Returning Prisoners (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 20, 2010||Publication Date: December 01, 2009|
While a large body of empirical research indicates that marriage is associated with criminal activity, to date little research exists on the effects of relationship status on a population of offenders returning to their communities. This study uses data on over 650 former prisoners to examine the impact of relationships on recidivism, substance use, and employment during this critical period of re-entry. Findings suggest that marriage cut the odds of recidivism and drug use in half when compared to those in casual relationships.
Assessment of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative: Testimony before the U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: April 14, 2009||Publication Date: February 18, 2009|
This testimony before the U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies focused on an evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative. Funded by the Justice, Labor, Education, Housing and Urban Development, and Health and Human Services departments, SVORI supported innovative reentry programs at the state and community levels. As part of this effort, the National Institute of Justice funded a comprehensive process, impact, and cost evaluation of SVORI programs by RTI International and the Urban Institute. Preliminary results of the evaluation were presented to the subcommittee.
Major Study Examines Prisoners and Their Reentry Needs (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: March 20, 2009||Publication Date: March 11, 2009|
The Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) supports innovative reentry programs at the state and community level. As part of this effort, the National Institute of Justice is funding a five-year evaluation of SVORI programs conducted by RTI International and the Urban Institute. This article, published in the October 2007 issue of the NIJ Journal, is a summary of program participant's demographics as well as information on a control group of non-SVORI participants. This information is the result of interviews just prior to release with incarcerated men and includes their responses to questions about their needs and expectations post-release.
Study Examines Prisoners' Reentry Needs (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: November 18, 2008||Publication Date: October 01, 2008|
Funded by the Departments of Justice, Labor, Education, Housing and Urban Development, and Health and Human Services, the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) supports innovative reentry programs at the state and community level. This article, published in the April 2008 issue of Corrections Today, highlighted data on the types of offenders in the programs and their needs. This information, the result of interviews with incarcerated male offenders, focused on what adult men believe they will need after their release from prison. Also included in the article are initial findings on reentry outcomes for SVORI participants.
Employment after Prison: A Longitudinal Study of Releasees in Three States (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: November 18, 2008||Publication Date: April 01, 2008|
In this brief, we explore the reality of finding employment after prison from the perspective of 740 former male prisoners in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Interviews were conducted as part of a comprehensive, longitudinal study entitled Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry. Eight months after prison, 65 percent of respondents had been employed at some point, but only 45 percent were currently employed. Those who held a job while in prison or participated in job-training programs had better employment outcomes after release. Respondents who were employed and earning higher wages after release were less likely to return to prison the first year out.
Pre-release Characteristics and Service Receipt among Adult Male Participants in the SVORI Multi-site Evaluation (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: October 20, 2008||Publication Date: October 01, 2008|
This report presents findings from the Multi-site Evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI). The results of our initial in-prison interviews with SVORI participants and comparison respondents are included, in addition to an overview of the SVORI programs observed. The report describes the characteristics of the adult male prisoners we interviewed, the services they reported needing, and the services they reported receiving prior to release. Overall, SVORI participants reported receiving more services of a variety of types than members of the comparison group, although there was considerable variation in the levels of services among the sites.
Illinois Prisoners' Reentry Success Three Years after Release (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: October 10, 2008||Publication Date: September 30, 2008|
This brief analyzes data from 145 men released from Illinois prisons (2002-2003) and tracked for three years afterwards through personal interviews and reincarceration records, as part of the study Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry. Three years after release, 59 percent were reincarcerated-up from 34 percent at 16 months out. Those successful at avoiding reincarceration were older first-time releases with no illegal income or family violence prior to prison, and those who found employment and housing after release, reintegrated into new, less disorganized neighborhoods, avoided antisocial peers, and had a physical/mental health condition (which may have restricted activity outside the home).
Returning Home on Parole: Former Prisoners' Experiences in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: August 20, 2008||Publication Date: August 01, 2008|
Using data from the Urban Institute's Returning Home study, this brief examines post release supervision experiences in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. The authors focus on addressing three questions: What are the parole experiences of those being released from prison? How do experiences on supervision affect post release outcomes? Does supervision benefit some groups more than others? Overall, parolees reported positive relationships with their parole officers but received relatively little tangible assistance finding a job or drug treatment program. Parole supervision was associated with increased employment and reduced substance use among former prisoners, but had almost no impact on self-reported crime or rearrest.
|Posted to Web: July 30, 2008||Publication Date: July 30, 2008|
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