Institute Fellow and Richard B. Fisher Chair
The Urban Institute
Past or current positions include deputy assistant secretary of the Treasury for tax analysis, cofounder and codirector of the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center, vice president of the Peter G. Peterson Foundation, president of the National Tax Association, chair of the 1999 Technical Panel advising Social Security on its methods and assumptions, president of the National Economists Club Educational Foundation, resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, federal executive fellow at the Brookings Institution, columnist for Tax Notes and the Financial Times, economic coordinator and original organizer of the Treasury's 1984-1986 tax reform effort, and chair of ACTforAlexandria, a community foundation.
Awards include distinguished or outstanding alumnus awards from the University of Dayton and St. Xavier High School in Louisville, KY, as well as the first Bruce Davie-Albert Davis Public Service Award from the National Tax Association in 2005. Subscribe to his regular column at http://blog.governmentwedeserve.org/.
Ph.D., Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison
1987-1989: Deputy Assistant Secretary for Tax Analysis, U.S. Department of the Treasury
Richard B. Fisher chair and Institute Fellow
Read more in Steuerle's Institute Fellow bio
What Every Worker Needs to Know About an Unreformed Social Security System: Testimony before the Subcommittee on Social Security Committee on Ways and Means, United States House of Representatives (Testimony)
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In this testimony before the House Ways and Means Committee Subcommittee on Social Security, Eugene Steuerle, Institute Fellow and Richard B. Fisher Chair at the Urban Institute discusses the fairness, efficiency and adequacy questions that arise almost no matter how much growth Congress maintains in Social Security. In particular he addresses three troubling aspects of an otherwise successful program: unequal justice; middle age retirement; and impact on the young.
Wealth in America: Policies to Support Mobility (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: July 29, 2014||Publication Date: July 29, 2014|
What role can policymakers play in helping families rebuild their balance sheets after the Great Recession and in helping young families, families of color, and those with less education who were falling behind even prior to it? This brief, based on a convening of nearly 25 national wealth-building experts, presents the facts and identifies four promising policy reforms: (1) providing universal children’s savings accounts; (2) reforming the mortgage interest deduction to better target incentives; (3) expanding access to retirement accounts and automatic enrollment; and (4) promoting emergency savings while addressing barriers such as asset tests in safety net programs.
Flattening Tax Incentives for Retirement Saving (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: July 22, 2014||Publication Date: July 22, 2014|
Under current law, a large share of tax benefits for retirement saving accrues to high-income employees. We simulate the short- and long-term effect of three policy options for flattening tax incentives and increasing retirement savings for low- and middle-income workers. Our results show that reducing 401(k) contribution limits increases taxes for high-income taxpayers; expanding the saver's credit raises saving incentives and lower taxes for low- and middle-income taxpayers; and replacing the exclusion for retirement saving contributions with a 25 percent refundable credit benefits primarily low- and middle-income taxpayers, and raises taxes and reduces retirement assets for high-income taxpayers.
Disparities in Wealth Accumulation and Loss from the Great Recession and Beyond (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: June 30, 2014||Publication Date: June 30, 2014|
And here's the abstract for the published version, which can be included on it’s own landing page with the publication link under it's published title:
Using over two decades of Survey of Consumer Finances data and a pseudo-panel technique, we measure the impact of the Great Recession on US family wealth relative to the counterfactual of what wealth would have been given wealth accumulation trajectories. Our synthetic cohort-level models find that the Great Recession reduced average family wealth by 28.5 percent–nearly double the magnitude of previous pre-post mean descriptive estimates and double the magnitude of any previous recession since the 1980s. The housing market was only part of the story; all major wealth components fell as a result of the Great Recession.
Impact of the Great Recession and Beyond: Disparities in Wealth Building by Generation and Race (Occasional Paper)
|Posted to Web: May 01, 2014||Publication Date: May 01, 2014|
This paper uses over two decades of Survey of Consumer Finances data and a pseudo-panel technique to measure the impact of the Great Recession on wealth relative to the counterfactual of what wealth would have been given wealth accumulation trajectories. Our regression-adjusted synthetic cohort-level models find that the Great Recession reduced the wealth of American families by 28.5 percent—nearly double the magnitude of previous pre-post mean descriptive estimates and double the magnitude of any previous recession since the 1980s. The housing market was only part of the story; all major wealth components fell as a result of the Great Recession.
Tax Subsidies for Asset Development: An Overview and Distributional Analysis (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 22, 2014||Publication Date: April 22, 2014|
The federal government channels much of its support for asset building through the tax code. Asset-building tax subsidies, primarily for homeownership and retirement saving, totaled $384 billion in 2013. This report reviews federal tax expenditures for housing, retirement, savings, business development, and higher education. We highlight research on the effectiveness of and justifications for these expenditures, find limited efficacy in their current form, and note possible adjustments. We estimate the distributional effect of major tax expenditures and find that the vast majority of subsidies benefit the top two income quintiles. Last, we review prospective policies such as matched saving accounts and automatic enrollment.
New Perspectives on Homeownership Tax Incentives (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: March 07, 2014||Publication Date: February 20, 2014|
This report presents three tax reforms designed to promote homeownership through a channel other than the deductibility of mortgage interest. These reforms include a first-time homebuyer tax credit, a refundable tax credit for property taxes paid, and an annual flat amount tax credit for homeowners—all paid for by limiting current tax expenditures for housing. Although far from perfect, these reforms would provide a more efficient and equitable allocation of housing subsidies. Our simulations show that relative to existing incentives, each policy would raise home prices and make the tax code more progressive.
Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Benefits over a Lifetime: 2013 Update (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
|Posted to Web: January 06, 2014||Publication Date: January 06, 2014|
These tables update to 2013 previous estimates of the lifetime value of Social Security and Medicare benefits and taxes for typical workers in different generations at various earning levels based on new estimates of the Social Security Actuary. The "lifetime value of taxes" is based upon the value of accumulated taxes, as if those taxes were put into an account that earned a 2 percent real rate of return (that is, 2 percent plus inflation). The "lifetime value of benefits" represents the amount needed in an account (also earning a 2 percent real interest rate) to pay for those benefits. All amounts are presented in constant 2013 dollars.
Has Social Security Redistributed to Whites from People of Color? (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 12, 2013||Publication Date: November 12, 2013|
This brief considers how Social Security’s many benefit and tax features have redistributed across groups over time. Using Current Population Survey data from 1970 through 1994 and microsimulation projections from the Urban Institute’s DYNASIM3 model, we find that for many decades, Social Security redistributed from blacks, Hispanics, and other people of color, to whites. These transfers will likely to continue in future decades. Our findings suggest that future reforms that place the burden of Social Security reform solely on younger, more diverse generations may have undesired distributional consequences if the aim of the program is to provide greater relative protections to more vulnerable groups.
Kids Share 2013: Federal Expenditures on Children in 2012 and Future Projections (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 07, 2013||Publication Date: November 06, 2013|
Kids Share 2013: Federal Expenditures on Children in 2012 and Future Projections, a seventh annual report, looks comprehensively at federal spending and taxes on children. Federal outlays on children fell by 7 percent between 2011 and 2012, which is the greatest single-year drop since the early 1980s. While most of this decline is explained by the exhaustion of recession-related funds provided by ARRA, broader budgetary forces will continue to restrict spending on children over the next ten years. Over the next decade, outlays on children are projected to decline from 10 percent to 8 percent of the federal budget.
|Posted to Web: September 24, 2013||Publication Date: September 24, 2013|
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