Analysis of Specific Tax Provisions in President Obama's FY2014 Budget (Research Report)
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This document reviews several notable tax proposals in President Obama’s Fiscal Year 2014 Budget. These include a 28 percent limit on certain tax expenditures, a cap on tax preferences for retirement savers with high balances, a minimum tax ("Buffett Rule") on high-income taxpayers, alternative incentives for infrastructure investment, and a new measure of inflation ("chained CPI") for indexing tax parameters.
State and Local Governments in Economic Recoveries: This Recovery is Different (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: May 08, 2013||Publication Date: May 08, 2013|
Examining state and local finances in recent economic recoveries, we find that state and local government activity exhibited an unprecedented decline during the most recent recovery. Never before had state and local contribution to GDP been negative three years after a recession passed its low point. This decreased activity caused a contraction in state and local government payrolls. While many factors affect these trends, it is likely that the unusually low growth in property tax revenue heavily impacted this decline.
Creating an American Value-Added Tax (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 22, 2013||Publication Date: April 22, 2013|
In this chapter, we propose a value-added tax (VAT) to contribute to the U.S. fiscal solution. A 5 percent broad-based VAT, paired with subsidies to offset the regressive impacts, could raise about 1 percent of GDP per year. International experience suggests that the VAT can raise substantial revenue, is administrable, and is minimally harmful to economic growth. Additionally, a properly designed VAT might help the states deal with their own fiscal issues. Although a VAT would be regressive relative to current income, this regressivity can be easily offset by transfers that would make the net burden progressive.
Estate Taxes After ATRA (Article/Tax Facts)
|Posted to Web: February 26, 2013||Publication Date: February 26, 2013|
The American Taxpayer Relief Act (ATRA) made estate tax law permanent following more than a decade of constant change. Following ATRA, the estate tax remains one of the most progressive parts of the tax code. In 2013, estates with gross assets exceeding $20 million will account for nearly three-fourths of the total estate tax revenue. About one-fifth of the burden will fall on estates valued between $10 million and $20 million, while just 7 percent will come from estates worth less than $10 million.
Today's Unsustainable Budget Policy: A Recount (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: February 25, 2013||Publication Date: February 25, 2013|
Although the recently passed American Taxpayer Relief Act instituted meaningful deficit reduction relative to previous policy, it still left the budget a far distance from any sustainable path. Under a plausible scenario, deficits never fall below 3.4 percent of GDP and rise to 5.4 percent of GDP by 2022. Given this baseline, an additional $150-$300 billion of annual deficit reduction, instituted after the economy has fully recovered, would put the budget on a stable path in the intermediate term while allowing for continued economic recovery. Yet even that path leaves longer-term budget problems unresolved. Without a more far-reaching agreement over such long-term issues, policymakers may have limited leeway to respond to new emergencies and meet the demographic pressures of the forthcoming decade.
The Case for the Auto IRA (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: January 30, 2013||Publication Date: January 30, 2013|
The Auto IRA could improve retirement security for millions of workers while boosting America's saving rate, leading to improved living standards for future generations.
Don't Fall For Corporate Repatriation (Commentary)
|Posted to Web: March 06, 2012||Publication Date: March 06, 2012|
In a contribution to Politico, Bill Gale and Ben Harris discuss a tax holiday on repatriated funds.
Reforming Taxes and Raising Revenue: Part of the Fiscal Solution (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: June 27, 2011||Publication Date: June 26, 2011|
Many industrialized countries face significant medium-term fiscal deficits and unsustainable long-term fiscal trajectories. The recent fiscal crises in Greece and other countries are a stark reminder of the costs of ignoring these issues. The looming fiscal shortfalls and borrowing requirements they create are unprecedented. Restoring fiscal balance will demand a reworking of the fundamental, implicit or explicit social contracts in industrialized countries. More prosaically, the problem will be solved by some combination of spending reductions and revenue increases. In this paper, we focus on the challenges and opportunities that the fiscal problem creates for raising revenues and reforming taxation.
Capital Income Taxation and Progressivity in a Global Economy (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: June 03, 2011||Publication Date: May 31, 2011|
The increase in international capital mobility over the past two decades has put pressure on the tax treatment of corporate equity income. Corporate-level taxes distort investment flows across locations and create opportunities for tax avoidance by shifting income across jurisdictions. This paper explains why there may be both efficiency gains and increases in progressivity from shifting taxes on corporate equity income from the corporate to the shareholder level. We estimate that taxing capital gains and dividends as ordinary income could finance a substantial cut in the corporate tax rate and make the tax system more progressive.
Tax Proposals in the 2012 Budget (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: April 26, 2011||Publication Date: November 30, 2011|
President Obama's 2012 Budget contains a number of tax provisions that would cut taxes for low- and middle-income households and raise taxes on wealthier taxpayers. This resource guide describes the tax proposals, offers more detailed commentary on key provisions, and links to tables showing the distributional effects of the overall proposal and various elements of the plan.
|Posted to Web: March 28, 2011||Publication Date: March 21, 2011|
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