urban institute nonprofit social and economic policy research

View Research by Author - Amanda Eng

Publications


Viewing 1-5 of 5. Most recent posts listed first.

Evaluating Broad-Based Approaches for Limiting Tax Expenditures (Research Report)
Eric Toder, Joseph Rosenberg, Amanda Eng

This paper evaluates six options to achieve across-the-board reductions to a group of major exclusions and deductions in the income tax: (1) limiting their tax benefit to a maximum percentage of income; (2) imposing a fixed dollar cap; (3) reducing them by a fixed-percentage amount; (4) limiting their tax saving to a maximum percentage of their dollar value; (5) replacing preferences with fixed rate refundable credits; and (6) including them in the base of the existing Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). We discuss issues of design, implementation, and administration, and simulate the revenue, distributional, and incentive effects of the various options.

Posted to Web: February 06, 2014Publication Date: December 31, 2013

New Perspectives on Homeownership Tax Incentives (Research Report)
Amanda Eng, Benjamin H. Harris, C. Eugene Steuerle

This report presents three tax reforms designed to promote homeownership through a channel other than the deductibility of mortgage interest. These reforms include a first-time homebuyer tax credit, a refundable tax credit for property taxes paid, and an annual flat amount tax credit for homeowners—all paid for by limiting current tax expenditures for housing. Although far from perfect, these reforms would provide a more efficient and equitable allocation of housing subsidies. Our simulations show that relative to existing incentives, each policy would raise home prices and make the tax code more progressive.

Posted to Web: January 06, 2014Publication Date: January 06, 2014

The Benefits of the Mortgage Interest and Property Tax Deductions (Article/Tax Facts)
Benjamin H. Harris, Amanda Eng

The benefits of itemized deductions for mortgage interest and property taxes vary by income and demographic characteristics. The two deductions increase after-tax income most for high-income families, particularly those with children, while low-income households hardly benefit at all. On average, homeowners in the highest quintile see a 1.4 percent rise in after-tax income, compared with just a 0.3 percent increase for those in the middle quintile and virtually no gain for those in the bottom two quintiles. Within each income quintile, families with children experience the largest income boost, while elderly households benefit the least.

Posted to Web: August 27, 2013Publication Date: August 26, 2013

Evaluating Broad-Based Approaches for Limiting Tax Expenditures (Research Report)
Eric Toder, Joseph Rosenberg, Amanda Eng

This paper evaluates six options to achieve across-the-board reductions to a group of major exclusions and deductions in the income tax: (1) limiting their tax benefit to a maximum percentage of income, (2) imposing a fixed dollar cap, (3) reducing them by fixed-percentage amount, (4) limiting their tax saving to a maximum percentage of their dollar value, (5) replacing them with fixed rate refundable credits, and (6) including them in the base of the existing Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). We discuss issues of design, implementation, and administration, and simulate the revenue, distributional, and incentive effects of the various options.

Posted to Web: July 10, 2013Publication Date: July 10, 2013

Options to Reform the Deduction for Home Mortgage Interest (Research Report)
Amanda Eng, Harvey Galper, Georgia Ivsin, Eric Toder

Taxpayers can currently deduct interest on up to $1 million in acquisition debt used to buy, build, or improve their personal residences and interest on up to another $100,000 of home equity loans. This brief estimates the effects on revenue and the distribution of the tax burden of proposals that would replace the current mortgage interest deduction with a non-refundable interest credit of either 15 or 20 percent of interest and reduce the ceiling on the amount of all eligible mortgage debt to $500,000. We also estimate the revenue effect of phasing in the proposals over five years.

Posted to Web: March 18, 2013Publication Date: March 18, 2013

 

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