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View Research by Author - Alexandra Stanczyk


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Implementation Evaluation of the Community-Based Job Training Grant (CBJTG) Program (Research Report)
Lauren Eyster, Teresa Derrick-Mills, John Trutko, Jessica F. Compton, Alexandra Stanczyk, Demetra Smith Nightingale

Community and technical colleges are important training providers for the nation, uniquely positioned to develop a skilled regional workforce, but may lack the capacity to respond to the needs of industry. The Community-Based Job Training Grant program, administered by the U.S. Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration, was intended to address a critical capacity shortage at community and technical colleges to train workers for high-growth occupations to help strengthen an industry's regional competitiveness. The Urban Institute's implementation evaluation provides a comprehensive picture of the grants and highlights innovations, successes and challenges, and trends and patterns across the grants

Posted to Web: August 30, 2013Publication Date: August 30, 2013

Disconnected Mothers and the Well-Being of Children: A Research Report (Research Report)
Olivia Golden, Marla McDaniel, Pamela J. Loprest, Alexandra Stanczyk

Considerable research attention has been devoted to low-income mothers disconnected from both work and welfare. This body of work has rarely highlighted disconnected mothers' roles as parents and has remained virtually silent about the experiences and well-being of their children. This paper synthesizes research findings to show that many of the circumstances disconnected mothers face pose major risks to children's development and potentially serious consequences for children. We describe potential interventions to help disconnected families by increasing and stabilizing family income, enhancing parenting skills, supporting children directly, and reaching out to disconnected mothers who are not citizens.

Posted to Web: May 07, 2013Publication Date: May 07, 2013

State Approaches to the TANF Block Grant: Welfare Is Not What You Think It Is (Occasional Paper)
Heather Hahn, Olivia Golden, Alexandra Stanczyk

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant is a broad funding stream that allows states to make greatly divergent policy decisions, with vastly different implications for each state’s low-income families. This paper examines how state goals, policies, and expenditure decisions contribute to unique pictures of TANF in California, Florida, Michigan, Texas, and Washington. The paper examines not only cash assistance, but also states’ overall approaches to the block grant. Further, the paper studies how state TANF programs responded to new federal requirements (the Deficit Reduction Act) and funding (the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act), and to the recession.

Posted to Web: August 22, 2012Publication Date: August 22, 2012

Improving Neighborhood Location Outcomes in the Housing Choice Voucher Program: A Scan of Mobility Assistance Programs (Series/What Works Collaborative)
Mary K. Cunningham, Molly M. Scott, Chris Narducci, Sam Hall, Alexandra Stanczyk

This paper provides findings from a rapid scan of mobility programs, including interviews with program staff, from across the country. The paper concludes with recommendations for future research, including suggestions on how to design a demonstration program that tests the impact of mobility assistance program.

Posted to Web: October 13, 2010Publication Date: September 01, 2010

Enhancing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Certification: SNAP Modernization Efforts: Final Report - Volumes I & II (Research Report)
Gretchen Rowe, Carolyn T. O'Brien, Sam Hall, Nancy M. Pindus, Lauren Eyster, Robin Koralek, Alexandra Stanczyk

The Urban Institute conducted a comprehensive study of state efforts to modernize the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Although modernization may be defined in many ways, this study adopted a broad definition of modernization described within four categories—policy changes, organizational changes, technological innovations, and partnering arrangements. The study included three data collection activities: initial site visits to four states; a national survey of all states, including a sample of local offices and partner organizations; and intensive case studies in 14 states. The states selected to participate in the case studies included Colorado, D.C., Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Mississippi, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin. The main focus of this report is on findings from the intensive case studies conducted between February and June 2009.

Posted to Web: August 04, 2010Publication Date: June 15, 2010

Low-Skill Workers' Access to Quality Green Jobs (Series/Perspectives on Low-Income Working Families)
Karin Martinson, Alexandra Stanczyk, Lauren Eyster

"Green jobs" have garnered attention and support from many circles. This brief discusses strategies for improving access to green jobs for low-skill individuals, particularly jobs that can improve workers' economic standing and better support families. To understand where green jobs for low-skill individuals can be found, we review green industries and occupations and what they pay. Next we identify "good" green jobs that pay enough to support employees' families. Finally we discuss how training for green jobs can equip low-skill workers with needed skills, recommend how to improve these training efforts, and detail examples of innovative programs.

Posted to Web: May 21, 2010Publication Date: May 21, 2010

Characteristics of the Community-Based Job Training Grant (CBJTG) Program (Research Report)
Lauren Eyster, Alexandra Stanczyk, Demetra Smith Nightingale, Karin Martinson, John Trutko

This is the first report from the evaluation of the Community-Based Job Training Grants (CBJTG) being conducted by the Urban Institute, with its partners Johns Hopkins University and Capital Research Corporation. The CBJTG program focuses on building the capacity of community colleges to provide training to workers for high-growth, high-demand industries. The evaluation began in July 2008 with the purpose of documenting the different models and projects that are operating with grant funds, examining and assessing the implementation of grant-funded projects, and identifying innovative features and promising strategies. This report is based on a review of proposals and reports from 211 grantees available through the end of 2008. The information provides a comprehensive picture of the grantee organizations and the activities planned for their CBJTG-funded projects.

Posted to Web: February 03, 2010Publication Date: December 09, 2009

Low-Income Working Families: Updated Facts and Figures (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
Alexandra Stanczyk

A large percentage of American families have low incomes, which lead to a host of challenges and disadvantages for both parents and children. In 2006, one out of every three families with children had incomes below twice the federal poverty level (FPL): $40,888 for a family with two adults and two children. While these families face many of the same challenges as other families, they are particularly financially vulnerable. This fact sheet provides statistics on the work effort, earnings, health care access and other characteristics of these families.

Posted to Web: June 11, 2009Publication Date: June 01, 2009


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