Research Associate I
Executive Office Research
Master of Public Policy, University of Maryland
Data Appendix to Federal Expenditures on Infants and Toddlers in 2007 (Research Report)
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Federal Expenditures on Infants and Toddlers in 2007 looks comprehensively at federal spending and tax expenditures targeted toward infants and toddlers. This appendix details our data sources, the programs we include, and the methodology used to estimate the percentage of federal expenditures that went to infants and toddlers in 2007.
The Next Stage for Social Policy: : Encouraging Work and Family Formation among Low-Income Men (Discussion Papers/Tax Policy Center)
|Posted to Web: June 03, 2009||Publication Date: May 26, 2009|
The Earned Income Tax Credit enjoyed marked success bringing low-income women into the labor force in recent years. At the same time, labor force participation by low-income or less-education men stagnated, and declined among young black men. In response to these labor market conditions, this paper analyzes several EITC reform options directed at increasing the EITC for low-income workers, in the hopes of drawing these men into the labor force. We estimate the cost of various proposals and put forth an additional proposal that breaks the EITC into two components – one focused on individual workers and one focused on supporting children.
Kids' Share 2008: How Children Fare in the Federal Budget (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: October 22, 2008||Publication Date: October 22, 2008|
Kids' Share 2008, a second annual report, looks comprehensively at trends in federal spending and tax expenditures on children. Key findings suggest that historically children have not been a budget priority. In 2007, this trend continued, as children's spending did not keep pace with GDP growth. Absent a policy change, children's spending will continue to be squeezed in the next decade.
Kids' Share 2008: Key Facts (Fact Sheet / Data at a Glance)
|Posted to Web: June 24, 2008||Publication Date: June 23, 2008|
Key Facts: Kids' Share 2008 summarizes findings from the Kids' Share 2008 report, which looks comprehensively at trends in federal spending and tax expenditures on children. Key findings suggest that historically children have not been a budget priority. In 2007, this trend continued, as children's spending did not keep pace with GDP growth. Absent a policy change, children's spending will continue to be squeezed in the next decade.
Children's Savings Accounts: Why Design Matters (Reports/Opportunity and Ownership Project)
|Posted to Web: June 24, 2008||Publication Date: June 23, 2008|
One way to achieve an ownership society is to endow all children with savings accounts starting at birth. This report shows that specific design features of a children's savings account program will impact the distribution of wealth. For example, non-taxability of account earnings distributes significantly more benefits to higher-income groups than to lower-income groups. Also, because many families experience mobility over their lifetimes, a significant portion of benefits conditioned on low annual income will accrue to middle- and higher-income families. Regardless, these accounts could be important in getting children banked and teaching them the value of saving and compound interest.
Portraits of the Assets and Liabilities of Low-Income Families (Policy Briefs/Opportunity and Ownership Project)
|Posted to Web: May 23, 2008||Publication Date: May 22, 2008|
Nearly one quarter of low-income families do not have a checking or savings account, more than one-third do not own cars, 60 percent do not own a home, and 90 percent have no retirement account. In contrast, the typical middle-income family has checking or savings accounts, retirement accounts, owns a car and a home. This brief synthesizes current research on the assets and liabilities of low-income families into a variety of portraits and provides suggestions for future research and policy.
How Much Does the Federal Government Spend to Promote Economic Mobility and for Whom? (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: May 23, 2008||Publication Date: May 07, 2008|
This report tallies all federal spending and tax subsidies aimed at promoting the economic mobility of Americans for 1980, 2006, and 2012. This first effort at defining a mobility budget--$746 billion in 2006--reaches two major conclusions: (1) poor and lower-income households owe little or no tax and so are excluded from the bulk of economic mobility programs, which are often delivered in the form of tax subsidies; and (2) while these households do benefit from many other federal programs, those programs generally are not aimed at promoting mobility--and sometimes even discourage it. Furthermore, under current law, mobility enhancing programs targeted to toward lower income households would decline as a share of GDP from 2006 to 2012, while those targeted to the better off would increase over the same period.
The Balance Sheets of Low-Income Households: What We Know About Their Assets and Liabilities (Series/Poor Finances: Assets and Low Income Households)
|Posted to Web: February 04, 2008||Publication Date: January 31, 2008|
This report synthesizes current research and other available information on the assets and liabilities of low-income households into a variety of portraits. These data allow practitioners and researchers to begin to form a comprehensive representation of the balance sheets of low-income households and sets the stage for future research and policy discussion around the finances of low-income households.
Tax Considerations in a Universal Pension System (UPS) (Discussion Papers)
|Posted to Web: January 07, 2008||Publication Date: January 07, 2008|
The inadequacy of the current U.S. public and private pension systems may warrant the establishment of a universal pension system (UPS), which would cover all workers—full-time and part-time—and require them to contribute at a level that can help provide them with adequate incomes when they retire. This paper develops options for a system of individual accounts to which, starting in 2007, each employee or self-employed worker would be required to contribute 3 percent of covered payroll (i.e., 3 percent of up to $97,500 in 2007). The UPS we describe would raise the total "replacement rate" for average wage men to 49.0 percent of final wages—provided Social Security is fixed—or 39.8 percent if not
Investing in Children: Losing Ground? (Policy Briefs)
|Posted to Web: December 20, 2007||Publication Date: December 20, 2007|
This brief charts U.S. federal spending on investment in total and for children from 1965 to 2017. Relative to GDP or domestic spending, total investment and investment in children—under almost any definition—fell over the 1965–2006 period, though with some recent rebounds. More important, projections of current policies show that overall government investment and especially investment in children are threatened to decline in relative and sometimes absolute importance, squeezed out mainly by faster, automatically growing programs that tend to favor consumption. These data raise the question of what relative priority the government should place on investment, and particularly investment in children.
|Posted to Web: September 07, 2007||Publication Date: September 07, 2007|
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