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Child Care and Development

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Innovations in NYC Health and Human Services Policy: Early Learn NYC (Research Brief)
Julia Gelatt, Heather Sandstrom

As part of the Bloomberg administration’s focus on young children, New York City reorganized its system of contracted child care through EarlyLearn NYC. This program braided funding from child care, Head Start, and state universal prekindergarten to improve access and continuity for low-income children and their families. EarlyLearn NYC has implemented higher program quality standards and redistributed contracts across the city to increase the supply of care in targeted, high-need neighborhoods. This brief is one in a series examining selected social service initiatives undertaken during the Bloomberg administration.

Posted to Web: March 31, 2014Publication Date: March 31, 2014

Low-Income Families and the Cost of Child Care: State Child Care Subsidies, Out-of-Pocket Expenses and the Cliff Effect (Research Report)
Sarah Minton, Christin Durham

Child care subsidies provide assistance for low-income families, often to support work activities. Depending on the state of residence, families' out-of-pocket expenses can vary widely, both while receiving the subsidy and at the point when families no longer qualify for assistance. In this paper, we look at how state policies affect families' child care expenses, focusing on the point when families no longer qualify for assistance. We find that when families' incomes increase just enough to make them ineligible for child care assistance, the potential increase in out-of-pocket child care expenses can be much greater than the increase in income.

Posted to Web: December 23, 2013Publication Date: December 19, 2013

The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables: Key Cross-State Variations in CCDF Policies as of October 1, 2012 (Data)
Sarah Minton, Christin Durham, Erika Huber, Linda Giannarelli

The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables provides tables containing key Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) policies for each state as of October 1, 2012. The tables are based on information in the CCDF Policies Database, a database tracking state child care subsidy policies over time and across the States, D.C., and the Territories. The Book summarizes a subset of the information available in the database, including information about eligibility requirements for families; application, redetermination, priority, and waiting list policies; family copayments; and provider policies and reimbursement rates.

Posted to Web: December 19, 2013Publication Date: November 01, 2013

Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze: Simplifying and Aligning With Other Work Supports (Research Report)
Gina Adams, Hannah Matthews

This report, a product of the Work Support Strategies (WSS) initiative, helps states confront burdensome administrative processes that make it difficult for low-income families to get and keep child care benefits, and the cumulative challenges eligible clients face in trying to access other benefits (i.e. SNAP/Medicaid). Through concrete policy ideas and examples from states across the country, it offers an in-depth guide to help states not only simplify child care subsidy policies, but also to align child care policies with other work supports. With this information, states can improve service delivery for clients and staff, and reduce administrative burden.

Posted to Web: December 09, 2013Publication Date: December 04, 2013

Nonstandard Work Schedules and the Well-being of Low-Income Families (Discussion Papers/Low Income Working Families)
Maria E. Enchautegui

In 2010–11, 28 percent of lower-income workers, and 20 percent of all workers, worked most of their hours between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. or on weekends. The occupations and industries with the most nonstandard-schedule workers are among the lowest paid and among those with the most expected employment growth by 2020. These workers have to arrange child care when most centers are closed, commute when public transportation is less available, and carve out time with family, while often working irregular schedules with no paid time off. Work support strategies, workplace development, and schools can help work-family balance.

Posted to Web: July 31, 2013Publication Date: July 31, 2013

Nonstandard Work Schedules and the Well-being of Low-Income Families (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Forty percent of full-time workers toiling outside the traditional daytime weekday schedule bring home paychecks that put them in the lowest wage quartile, an Urban Institute analysis shows. Among all full-time employees with very low wages, 25 percent work most of their hours on a nonstandard schedule.

Posted to Web: July 31, 2013Publication Date: July 31, 2013

Poverty in America: How We Can Help Families (Commentary)
Olivia Golden

In this commentary for BlogHer.com, Urban Institute fellow Olivia Golden discusses a two-generation policy agenda that can help promote young children's development and low-wage workers' economic stability, which should start with a national focus on the first year of life.

Posted to Web: May 09, 2013Publication Date: May 08, 2013

Early Lessons from the Work Support Strategies Initiative: Colorado (Research Report)
Pamela J. Loprest, Lindsay Giesen

Work Support Strategies (WSS) is a multiyear, multi-state initiative to implement reforms that help eligible low-income families get and keep a full package of work support benefits, including Medicaid, nutrition assistance (SNAP), and child care assistance. This report describes Colorado's accomplishments and lessons learned during the initiative’s first year. In this planning year, Colorado improved collaboration between the state human services and health agencies, and between the state and counties. Improved collaboration led to a shortened joint benefit application, quicker processing of SNAP applications and recertifications, cohesive plans for implementing health reform, and supplemental budget funds to improve the statewide automated benefits system.

Posted to Web: April 03, 2013Publication Date: April 03, 2013

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