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Publications for Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry

Returning Home: Maryland Publications

(2006) Baer, Demelza, Bhati, Avinash, Brooks, Lisa, Castro, Jennifer, La Vigne, Nancy, Mallik-Kane, Kamala, et al. 2006. Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry: Research Findings from the Urban Institute's Prisoner Reentry Portfolio. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411289_reentry_portfolio.pdf.

(2006) Naser, Rebecca L., and Nancy G. La Vigne. 2006. Family support in the prisoner reentry process: Expectations and realities. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 43 (1): 93-106.

(2004) Visher, Christy, Kachnowski, Vera, La Vigne, Nancy, and Jeremy Travis. 2004. Baltimore Prisoners' Experiences Returning Home. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/uploadedPDF/310946_BaltimorePrisoners.pdf

(2004) Visher, Christy, La Vigne, Nancy, and Jeremy Travis. 2004. Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry, Maryland Pilot Study: Findings from Baltimore. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/uploadedPDF/410974_ReturningHome_MD.pdf.

(2003) La Vigne, Nancy G., and Vera Kachnowski. 2003. A Portrait of Prisoner Reentry in Maryland. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410655_MDPortraitReentry.pdf.

(2003) Visher, Christy A., La Vigne, Nancy G., and Jennifer Castro. 2003. Returning Home: Preliminary findings from a pilot study of soon-to-be-released prisoners in Maryland. Justice Research and Policy, 5(2): 55-74. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1000627_returning_home.pdf.

Returning Home: Illinois Publications

(2010) Visher, Christy A., Debus-Sherrill, Sara A., and Jennifer Yahner. 2010. Employment after prison: A longitudinal study of former prisoners. Justice Quarterly, 1-21, iFirst Article.

(2010) Visher, Christy, Yahner, Jennifer, and Nancy G. La Vigne. 2010. Life after Prison: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Chicago, Cleveland, and Houston. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412100-life-after-prison.pdf.

(2009) Visher, Christy A., Knight, Carly R., Chalfin, Aaron, and John K. Roman. 2009. The Impact of Marital and Relationship Status on Social Outcomes for Returning Prisoners. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411871_returning_prisoners.pdf.

(2008) Visher, Christy, Debus, Sara, and Jennifer Yahner. 2008. Employment after Prison: A Longitudinal Study of Releasees in Three States. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411778_employment_after_prison.pdf.

(2008) Yahner, Jennifer, Solomon, Amy L., and Christy Visher. 2008. Returning Home on Parole: Former Prisoners' Experiences in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411744_returning_home.pdf.

(2008) Yahner, Jennifer, and Christy Visher. 2008. Illinois Prisoners' Reentry Success Three Years after Release. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411748_reentry_success.pdf.

(2007) Visher, Christy, and Vera Kachnowski. 2007. Finding work on the outside: Results from the Returning Home project in Chicago. In Bushway, Shawn, Stoll, Michael A., and David F. Weiman (eds.), Barriers to Reentry? The Labor Market for Released Prisoners in Post-Industrial America. Chapter 3, pp. 80-144. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

(2006) Baer, Demelza, Bhati, Avinash, Brooks, Lisa, Castro, Jennifer, La Vigne, Nancy, Mallik-Kane, Kamala, et al. 2006. Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry: Research Findings from the Urban Institute's Prisoner Reentry Portfolio. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411289_reentry_portfolio.pdf.

(2006) Naser, Rebecca L., and Nancy G. La Vigne. 2006. Family support in the prisoner reentry process: Expectations and realities. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 43 (1): 93-106.

(2006) Naser, Rebecca L., and Christy A. Visher. 2006. Family members' experiences with incarceration and reentry. Western Criminology Review, 7(2): 20-31. Available at: http://wcr.sonoma.edu/v07n2/20-naser/naser.pdf.

(2005) Kachnowski, Vera. 2005. Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Employment and Prisoner Reentry. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311215_employment.pdf.

(2005) La Vigne, Nancy G., Naser, Rebecca L., Brooks, Lisa E., and Jennifer L. Castro. 2005. Examining the effect of incarceration and in-prison family contact on prisoners' family relationships. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 21(4): 1-22.

(2005) La Vigne, Nancy G., and Barbara Parthasarathy. 2005. Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Prisoner Reentry and Residential Mobility. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311213_residential_mobility.pdf.

(2005) Mallik-Kane, Kamala. 2005. Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Health and Prisoner Reentry. Washington, DC: Urban Institute: Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311214_health_prisoner_reentry.pdf.

(2005) Visher, Christy A., and Jill Farrell. 2005. Chicago Communities and Prisoner Reentry. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311225_chicago_communities.pdf.

(2005) Winterfield, Laura, and Jennifer L. Castro. 2005a. And treatment for all? Offender Substance Abuse Report, 5(4): 57-61.

(2005) Winterfield, Laura, and Jennifer L. Castro. 2005b. Matching drug treatment to those in need: An analysis of correctional service delivery in Illinois and Ohio. Justice Research and Policy, 7(2): 29-55.

(2005) Winterfield, Laura, and Jennifer L. Castro. 2005c. Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Treatment Matching. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311216_treatment_matching.pdf.

(2004) La Vigne, Nancy G., Visher, Christy, and Jennifer L. Castro. 2004. Chicago Prisoners' Experiences Returning Home. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311115_ChicagoPrisoners.pdf.

(2003) La Vigne, Nancy G., and Cynthia A. Mamalian. 2003. A Portrait of Prisoner Reentry in Illinois. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410662_ILPortraitReentry.pdf.

(2003) Visher, Christy, La Vigne, Nancy, and Jill Farrell. 2003.Illinois Prisoners' Reflections on Returning Home. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310846_illinois_prisoners.pdf.

Returning Home: Ohio Publications

(2010) Visher, Christy A., Debus-Sherrill, Sara A., and Jennifer Yahner. 2010. Employment after prison: A longitudinal study of former prisoners. Justice Quarterly, 1-21, iFirst Article.

(2010) Visher, Christy A., Naser, Rebecca L., and Shannon M.E. Courtney. 2010. Incarcerated fathers: Pathways from prison to home. In Gadsden, V., and P. Genty (eds.), Incarcerated Parents, Their Children and Their Families. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers.

(2010) Visher, Christy, Yahner, Jennifer, and Nancy G. La Vigne. 2010. Life after Prison: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Chicago, Cleveland, and Houston. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412100-life-after-prison.pdf.

(2009) Visher, Christy A., Knight, Carly R., Chalfin, Aaron, and John K. Roman. 2009. The Impact of Marital and Relationship Status on Social Outcomes for Returning Prisoners. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411871_returning_prisoners.pdf.

(2008) Mallik-Kane, Kamala, and Christy A. Visher. 2008. Health and Prisoner Reentry: How Physical, Mental, and Substance Abuse Conditions Shape the Process of Reintegration. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411617_health_prisoner_reentry.pdf.

(2008) Visher, Christy, Debus, Sara, and Jennifer Yahner. 2008. Employment after Prison: A Longitudinal Study of Releasees in Three States. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411778_employment_after_prison.pdf.

(2008) Yahner, Jennifer, Solomon, Amy L., and Christy Visher. 2008. Returning Home on Parole: Former Prisoners' Experiences in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411744_returning_home.pdf.

(2007) Visher, Christy A., and Shannon M.E. Courtney. 2007. One Year Out: Experiences of Prisoners Returning to Cleveland. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311445_One_Year.pdf.

(2007) Visher, Christy A., and Mallik-Kane, Kamala. 2007. Reentry experiences of men with health problems. In Greifinger, R. (ed.), Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities, pp. 434–460. New York, NY: Springer.

(2007) Visher, Christy, Palmer, Tobi, and Caterina Gouvis Roman. 2007. Cleveland Stakeholders' Perceptions of Prisoner Reentry. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411515_cleveland_prisoner_reentry.pdf.

(2006) Baer, Demelza, Bhati, Avinash, Brooks, Lisa, Castro, Jennifer, La Vigne, Nancy, Mallik-Kane, Kamala, et al. 2006. Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry: Research Findings from the Urban Institute's Prisoner Reentry Portfolio. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411289_reentry_portfolio.pdf.

(2006) Brooks, Lisa E., Visher, Christy A., and Rebecca L. Naser. 2006. Community Residents' Perceptions of Prisoner Reentry in Selected Cleveland Neighborhoods. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411296_prisoner_reentry_cleveland.pdf.

(2006) Visher, Christy, Baer, Demelza, and Rebecca Naser. 2006. Ohio Prisoners' Reflections on Returning Home. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311272_ohio_prisoners.pdf.

(2006) Visher, Christy A., and Shannon M.E. Courtney. 2006. Cleveland Prisoners' Experiences Returning Home. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311359_cleveland_prisoners.pdf.

(2005) Winterfield, Laura, and Jennifer L. Castro. 2005b. Matching drug treatment to those in need: An analysis of correctional service delivery in Illinois and Ohio. Justice Research and Policy, 7(2): 29-55.

(2003) La Vigne, Nancy G., and Gillian L. Thomson. 2003. A Portrait of Prisoner Reentry in Ohio. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410891_ohio_reentry.pdf.

Returning Home: Texas Publications

(2010) Visher, Christy A., Debus-Sherrill, Sara A., and Jennifer Yahner. 2010. Employment after prison: A longitudinal study of former prisoners. Justice Quarterly, 1-21, iFirst Article.

(2010) Visher, Christy A., Naser, Rebecca L., and Shannon M.E. Courtney. 2010. Incarcerated fathers: Pathways from prison to home. In Gadsden, V., and P. Genty (eds.), Incarcerated Parents, Their Children and Their Families. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers.

(2010) Visher, Christy, Yahner, Jennifer, and Nancy G. La Vigne. 2010. Life after Prison: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Chicago, Cleveland, and Houston. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412100-life-after-prison.pdf.

(2009) Brazzell, Diana, and La Vigne, Nancy G. 2009. Prisoner Reentry in Houston: Community Perspectives. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411901_prisoner_reentry_houston.pdf.

(2009) La Vigne, Nancy G., Brooks, Lisa E., and Tracey L. Shollenberger. 2009. Women on the Outside: Understanding the Experiences of Female Prisoners Returning to Houston, Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411902_women_outside_houston.pdf.

(2009) La Vigne, Nancy G., Shollenberger, Tracey L., and Sara Debus. 2009. One Year Out: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Houston, Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411911_male_prisoners_houston.pdf.

(2009) Shollenberger, Tracey L. 2009. When Relatives Return: Interviews with Family Members of Returning Prisoners in Houston, Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411903_when_relatives_return.pdf.

(2009) Visher, Christy A., Knight, Carly R., Chalfin, Aaron, and John K. Roman. 2009. The Impact of Marital and Relationship Status on Social Outcomes for Returning Prisoners. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411871_returning_prisoners.pdf.

(2008) Mallik-Kane, Kamala, and Christy A. Visher. 2008. Health and Prisoner Reentry: How Physical, Mental, and Substance Abuse Conditions Shape the Process of Reintegration. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411617_health_prisoner_reentry.pdf. (2007) La Vigne, Nancy G., Brooks, Lisa E., and Tracey L. Shollenberger. 2007. Returning Home: Exploring the Challenges and Successes of Recently Released Texas Prisoners. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311471_prisoners.pdf.

(2008) Visher, Christy, Debus, Sara, and Jennifer Yahner. 2008. Employment after Prison: A Longitudinal Study of Releasees in Three States. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411778_employment_after_prison.pdf.

(2008) Yahner, Jennifer, Solomon, Amy L., and Christy Visher. 2008. Returning Home on Parole: Former Prisoners' Experiences in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411744_returning_home.pdf.

(2007) Visher, Christy A., and Mallik-Kane, Kamala. 2007. Reentry experiences of men with health problems. In Greifinger, R. (ed.), Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities, pp. 434–460. New York, NY: Springer.

(2006) Baer, Demelza, Bhati, Avinash, Brooks, Lisa, Castro, Jennifer, La Vigne, Nancy, Mallik-Kane, Kamala, et al. 2006. Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry: Research Findings from the Urban Institute's Prisoner Reentry Portfolio. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411289_reentry_portfolio.pdf.

(2005) La Vigne, Nancy G., and Vera Kachnowski. 2005. Texas Prisoners' Reflections on Returning Home. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311247_texas_prisoners.pdf.

(2004) Watson, Jamie, Solomon, Amy L., La Vigne, Nancy G., and Jeremy Travis. 2004. A Portrait of Prisoner Reentry in Texas. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410972_TX_Reentry.pdf.

The Studies

Returning Home Maryland (pilot study)

Returning Home Maryland was a pilot study conducted from 2001 through 2003, examining the process of prisoner reentry in Baltimore, Maryland.  The study involved self-administered surveys with 324 prisoners (235 men and 89 women) approximately 30 to 90 days prior to their expected release date, and two post-release interviews with subsets of the original sample, one within 30 to 90 days after release (n=153), and one approximately 4 to 6 months after their release (n=104). Study samples were recruited from lists of soon-to-be-released prisoners at the designated state correctional facilities.  In addition, 41 family members of prisoners were interviewed and focus groups were conducted with residents in two Baltimore neighborhoods experiencing high rates of returning prisoners.

Returning Home Illinois

Returning Home Illinois was a full-scale research study conducted from 2002 to 2004, examining the process of prisoner reentry in Chicago, Illinois.  The study design in Illinois was composed of several data collection efforts. The first effort involved a self-administered survey completed by 400 male prisoners returning to the city of Chicago within one to three months of their release, as well as three in-person interviews with sample members conducted approximately two months (n=296), seven months (n=266), and 16 months (n=198) after release.  Study samples were recruited through the use of a preexisting prerelease program in which groups of prisoners were already convened.  During these sessions, Returning Home interviewers held orientations explaining the study and distributed the self-administered surveys to those willing to participate.  The second data collection effort entailed one-on-one interviews with 247 family members of the prisoners in the sample. The third effort consisted of a series of focus groups with Chicago residents, as well as one-on-one interviews with Chicago criminal justice stakeholders and community.

Returning Home Ohio

Returning Home Ohio was a full-scale research study conducted from 2004 to 2005, examining the process of prisoner reentry in Cleveland, Ohio.  The study design in Ohio was composed of several data collection efforts.  The first effort involved male prisoners sentenced to at least one year in prison who were returning to the Cleveland area (Cuyahoga County), and entailed (1) a self-administered survey completed by 424 prisoners about one month prior to release and (2) three in-person interviews with sample members conducted approximately one month (n=358), six months (n=322), and 14 months (n=294) after release.  To recruit sample members in each designated correctional facility, interviewers held scheduled orientation sessions to explain the study and distributed the self-administered survey to those willing to participate (75 percent of those who attended orientation agreed to participate).  The second effort consisted of a series of focus groups with community residents in the Cleveland neighborhoods that received the highest proportion of returning prisoners, as well as one-on-one interviews with reentry policymakers and practitioners in Cleveland, Ohio.

Returning Home Texas

Returning Home Texas was a full-scale research study conducted from 2004 to 2006, examining the process of prisoner reentry in Houston, Texas.  The study entailed three waves of interviews with male and female prisoners and state jail inmates returning to the Houston area (Harris County).  The first survey was administered to 676 prisoners (414 men and 262 women) approximately one week prior to their release, and the second two surveys were administered at two to four months (N = 509) and eight to ten months (N = 378) after release.  Study participants were recruited from the two state prisons to which all Texas prisoners are transferred for processing before release, and two state jails that house a high number of confinees returning to the Houston area.  In each facility, interviewers either scheduled orientation sessions to explain the study and distribute self-administered surveys to those willing to participate, or they took advantage of groups of prisoners already convened in a prerelease program to present information about the study and administer the survey.  In addition to the prisoner interviews, 427 family members of the study sample were interviewed approximately two to four months after the prisoner's release.  Further, a series of focus groups were held with community residents in the Houston neighborhoods that received the highest number of returning prisoners, and interviews were conducted with key community stakeholders in Houston, Texas.