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The resources below provide more information on local justice reinvestment and how to implement the JRLL model.

Introductory Documents

One-pager: What is Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level? (PDF)

This one-pager explains the purpose and promise of local justice reinvestment efforts.

Brief: What is Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level? (PDF)

This document provides a more detailed explanation of the local justice reinvestment model and process.

JRLL Model (PDF)

This document displays the JRLL model.

Implementation Basics

Justice Reinvestment: A Toolkit for Local Leaders (PDF)

This toolkit presents an overview of the justice reinvestment process to local leaders—those who have both an understanding of the different agencies in the criminal justice system and some executive authority over the programmatic, policy, and/or fiscal operations of at least one local criminal justice agency.

The Criminal Justice Planner’s Toolkit for Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level (PDF)

This toolkit provides criminal justice planners with the technical information to identify cost drivers and design strategies addressing those drivers. This toolkit distinguishes itself from other publications by examining the model from the planners’ perspective and by providing more detailed information about data collection and analysis. While the intended audience of this toolkit is local level criminal justice planners responsible for coordinating or analyzing local criminal justice interagency operations, criminal justice personnel at any level of government interested in justice reinvestment will find the contents useful.

Planning and Implementation Guide, Second Edition (PDF)

This guidebook provides detailed instruction for jurisdictions aiming to improve the efficiency of their local justice systems and generate savings that can be reinvested in prevention-oriented strategies, including:

  • the steps involved in the justice reinvestment process;    
  • challenges that may be encountered; and
  • how challenges can be overcome.

While the intended audience is local government managers and criminal justice leaders, this document is designed to be accessible to a wide array of local government stakeholders, along with criminal justice practitioners, consultants, and researchers.

In-Depth Implementation Briefs

These three policy briefs are designed to guide local policymakers in undertaking specific justice reinvestment tasks. Each brief includes additional resources and a "getting started" worksheet in its appendix.

Improving Strategic Planning through Collaborative Bodies

This brief describes:

  • the central role of strategic planning entities in the justice reinvestment process;
  • outlines how these bodies are structured and operated; and
  • provides guidance in establishing or expanding such a collaborative.

A case study from one local justice reinvestment site is presented to highlight the recommended process.

Data-Driven Decisionmaking for Strategic Justice Reinvestment

Using the fictional example of Doe County, the brief details the data that various agencies must share and analyze in order to identify cost and population drivers, and provides examples of how data analysis findings can be used to formulate policy changes and reinvestment strategies.

Tracking Costs and Savings through Justice Reinvestment

This brief focuses on the specific task of tracking costs and anticipated savings to target reinvestment. It provides guidance on how to:

  • conduct a comprehensive assessment of local justice spending;
  • assess cost implications for agencies outside of the criminal justice system; and
  • target reinvestment efforts.

Local Level Examples

A number of local sites in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative are receiving technical assistance from the Center for Effective Policy (CEPP) and the Community Resources for Justice’s Crime and Justice Institute (CJI).

To read about local site work, visit CEPP and CJI’s websites:

Center for Effective Policy: http://cepp.com/justice-reinvestment

Crime and Justice Institute: http://www.crj.org/cji/entry/project_justicereinvest

Presentations and Testimonies

Presentation to the Three JRLL Sites (PDF)

The three original JRLL sites gathered in Washington, DC, in February 2010 to discuss progress and plan for their coming year. Nancy G. La Vigne, Principle Investigator, presented the JRLL model to the sites and invited guests.

Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary (PDF)

Nancy G. La Vigne, Principle Investigator, testified before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary on May 11, 2010 on the role of Justice Reinvestment in controlling criminal justice costs while achieving greater public safety benefits.

Presentation at the National Association of Counties Annual Conference (PDF)

The role justice reinvestment can play in managing county budgets and criminal justice systems was addressed at the National Association of Counties (NACo) annual conference in July 2010.

Presentations to the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies

In September 2010, JRLL was featured at the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA) at which project staff presented on the model, successes, and challenges of justice reinvestment with representatives of the JRLL sites.

Related Projects

Justice Reinvestment Initiative

The Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) in the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, in conjunction with the Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew), provides support to state and local policymakers to implement justice reinvestment. Technical assistance providers work with sites intensively over a two- to three-year period to analyze data and implement cost-saving strategies. The Urban Institute serves as the oversight, coordination, outcome, and assessment entity. In this role, the Urban Institute assists BJA, Pew, and technical assistance providers with selecting JRI sites, setting specific performance measures, tracking implementation, and assessing the outcomes of JRI.

This brief summarizes the efforts of states involved in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI) as of July 2013.

The 17 states that have adopted the JRI model are projected to save $3.3 billion over 10 years. States plan to reinvest a share of these savings into high-performing public safety strategies.

For more information on JRI, visit the Bureau of Justice Assistance’s Justice Reinvestment Initiative website.

Transition from Jail to Community Initiative

Funded by the National Institute of Corrections, the Transition from Jail to Community Initiative (TJC) provides a systems change model for successful reentry. The Urban Institute and its partners provide technical assistance to help localities implement the TJC model. The TJC website contains more information on the project and additional resources for those interested in reentry efforts.

Reentry Mapping Network

The Reentry Mapping Network provides tools for mapping jail and prison reentry, which can be valuable for identifying areas to which a high proportion of individuals entering and exiting the jail reside.


For more information about Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level, email us at JRLL@Urban.org.