Explaining Changes in Child Poverty Over the Past Four Decades (Series/Perspectives on Low-Income Working Families)
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Child poverty ratcheted up from 1975 to 1993, then fell sharply until the 2001 recession, when child poverty began to rise again. Changes in family structure drove changes in child poverty 1975 to 1993, but changes in work drove changes in child poverty 1993 to 2011. Labor demand shifts seem to affect parents' work more than reactions to tax and transfer policy, suggesting that more generous government transfers may be called for.
Understanding Recent Changes in Child Poverty (Policy Briefs/ANF:Issues and Options for States)
|Posted to Web: September 16, 2013||Publication Date: September 16, 2013|
Over the past 10 years, U.S. child poverty rates took two sharp turns: a major reduction from 1993 to 2000 followed by a slight hike from 2000 to 2004. This brief finds that the 1993 to 2000 drop in child poverty is largely due to improvements in the job market, especially for less-educated workers. The economic downturn beginning in 2000 hit all families, even those with more education, but the families of black children were hit hardest.
Understanding Changes in Child Poverty Over the Past Decade (Discussion Papers)
|Posted to Web: August 25, 2006||Publication Date: August 25, 2006|
Child poverty dropped dramatically from 1993 to 2000 and increased from 2000 to 2004; both trends were even more marked for black children. While work, education, and family structure, together with macroeconomic conditions, are all significant determinants of child poverty over the last twenty years, macroeconomic conditions dominate the explanation for the dramatic changes of 1993 to 2000 and 2000 to 2004. Specifically, the state unemployment rate and real minimum wage (especially interacted with educational attainment) explain most of the fall in child poverty during the 1990's and the more recent rise.
Working to Make Ends Meet (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: May 11, 2006||Publication Date: May 11, 2006|
This report clarifies the discussion and debate over what constitutes a low-income working family, documents the size and characteristics of low-income working population, and examines their incomes and expenditures. Using data from the 2002 round of the National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), we find that low-income families (income below twice the federal poverty line) with at least one full-time, full-year worker have incomes that are roughly in line with their basic expenses thanks to their work effort, earned income, and a generous refundable Earned Income Tax Credit; however, low-income families without a full-time, full-year worker do not appear to have enough income to cover their basic expenses.
How Have Households with Children Fared in the Job Market Downturn? (Policy Briefs/ANF:Issues and Options for States)
|Posted to Web: September 20, 2005||Publication Date: September 20, 2005|
During and following 2001's recession, families with children saw their employment rates and income decline significantly. In turn, the incidence of poverty in homes with children, especially those headed by single adults rose. However, safety net programs for working families, such as unemployment insurance, were less effective in aiding single-adult and low-income families than other types of households.
|Posted to Web: April 29, 2005||Publication Date: April 29, 2005|