Capitol Hill Economist and Data Visualization Expert Jonathan Schwabish to Join Urban Institute (Press Release)
Jonathan Schwabish, an economist with the Congressional Budget Office, will join the Urban Institute on May 7 as a senior researcher and data visualization expert. A leading voice calling for clarity and accessibility in research, Schwabish will boost the Institute's capabilities in data visualization and conduct research on older workers, people with disabilities, food security, immigration policy, and microsimulation modeling at Urban's Income and Benefits Policy Center.
Offenders, Former Sex Workers, Law Enforcement Detail Inner Workings of US Underground Commercial Sex Trade in New Urban Institute Study (Press Release)
|Publication Date: April 21, 2014||Availability: HTML|
The underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) generates millions of dollars annually, yet investigation and data collection remain under resourced. Our study aimed to unveil the scale of the UCSE in eight major US cities-Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Kansas City, Miami, Seattle, San Diego, and Washington, DC. Across cities, the UCSE's worth was estimated between $39.9 and $290 million in 2007, but decreased since 2003 in all but two cities. Interviews with pimps, traffickers, sex workers, child pornographers, and law enforcement revealed the dynamics central to the underground commercial sex trade-and shaped the policy suggestions to combat it.
17 States Expected to Lower Prisoner Populations, Slow Prison Growth, and Save Billions through Innovative Justice Reforms (Press Release)
|Publication Date: March 12, 2014||Availability: HTML|
Seventeen Justice Reinvestment Initiative states are projected to save as much as $4.6 billion through reforms that increase the efficiency of their criminal justice systems. Eight states that had JRI policies in effect for at least one year – Arkansas, Hawaii, Louisiana, Kentucky, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, and South Carolina – reduced their prison populations. Through the Initiative, states receive federal dollars to assess and improve their criminal justice systems while enhancing public safety. This report chronicles 17 states as they enacted comprehensive criminal justice reforms relying on bipartisan and interbranch collaboration. The study notes common factors that drove prison growth and costs and documents how each state responded with targeted policies.
Bending the Curve on Costly, Overcrowded Federal Prisons will Require Sweeping Reforms (Press Release)
|Publication Date: January 27, 2014||Availability: HTML|
Federal prisons house almost 10 times the number of inmates as they did in 1980. These facilities, overcapacity by at least a third, are on track to consume over 30 percent of the Department of Justice's budget by 2020. A new study analyzes a slate of options designed to stem this unsustainable growth without compromising public safety. The conclusion: doing so will require major changes in sentencing and early release policies.
LGBT Youth Face Higher Rate of Dating Abuse (Press Release)
|Publication Date: November 05, 2013||Availability: HTML|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender teenagers are at much greater risk of dating abuse than their heterosexual counterparts, with transgender teens especially vulnerable to victimization. Victims are more likely to be females or transgender youth who are also more likely to be depressed, have lower grades, have committed delinquent acts, and to have a history of sexual activity. This is one of the first examinations of dating violence and abuse through the distinct lens of sexual orientation and of gender identity.
Nonstandard Work Schedules and the Well-being of Low-Income Families (Press Release)
|Publication Date: September 06, 2013||Availability: HTML|
Forty percent of full-time workers toiling outside the traditional daytime weekday schedule bring home paychecks that put them in the lowest wage quartile, an Urban Institute analysis shows. Among all full-time employees with very low wages, 25 percent work most of their hours on a nonstandard schedule.
Student Loan Debt: Widespread and Worrisome (Press Release)
|Publication Date: July 31, 2013||Availability: HTML|
One in five adults age 20 and older have student loan debt and more than half of them worry they may be unable to repay their obligations, according to a new study from the Urban Institute's Opportunity and Ownership Project.
The Black Family: Five Decades After the Moynihan Report (Press Release)
|Publication Date: June 26, 2013||Availability: HTML|
Daniel Patrick Moynihan's 1965 report, "The Negro Family: The Case for National Action," provoked a firestorm of debate in its probing of the roots of black poverty and the decline of the black nuclear family. Nearly five decades later, "The Moynihan Report Revisited" gauges how the circumstances of black families have changed and how they compare with other racial and ethnic groups; documents how blacks still suffer from intersecting disadvantages that Moynihan referred to as a "tangle of pathologies"; and suggests ways to improve the circumstances of black families and reduce racial disparities.
Urban Institute Welcomes New Housing Finance Experts (Press Release)
|Publication Date: June 13, 2013||Availability: HTML|
The Urban Institute welcomes leading experts in housing finance to join forces with its current researchers on affordable housing and consumer finance. Urban Institute President Sarah Rosen Wartell, herself a public policy and housing markets expert, celebrated the arrival of the Institute’s newest leaders
From Boise to the Beltway, Officials and Administrators Offer Lessons on Making Work Supports More Effective and Efficient (Press Release)
|Publication Date: June 06, 2013||Availability: HTML|
State and federal officials spanning political perspectives can find common ground in helping low-income working families get and keep the public benefits they are eligible for, according to a collection of commentaries published by the Urban Institute. Streamlining and integrating health and human services programs can reduce the burden on states and help families, the officials explain.
|Publication Date: June 05, 2013||Availability: HTML|