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Offenders, Former Sex Workers, Law Enforcement Detail Inner Workings of US Underground Commercial Sex Trade in New Urban Institute Study (Press Release)
Urban Institute

The underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) generates millions of dollars annually, yet investigation and data collection remain under resourced. Our study aimed to unveil the scale of the UCSE in eight major US cities-Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Kansas City, Miami, Seattle, San Diego, and Washington, DC. Across cities, the UCSE's worth was estimated between $39.9 and $290 million in 2007, but decreased since 2003 in all but two cities. Interviews with pimps, traffickers, sex workers, child pornographers, and law enforcement revealed the dynamics central to the underground commercial sex trade-and shaped the policy suggestions to combat it.

Publication Date: March 12, 2014Availability: HTML

17 States Expected to Lower Prisoner Populations, Slow Prison Growth, and Save Billions through Innovative Justice Reforms (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Seventeen Justice Reinvestment Initiative states are projected to save as much as $4.6 billion through reforms that increase the efficiency of their criminal justice systems. Eight states that had JRI policies in effect for at least one year – Arkansas, Hawaii, Louisiana, Kentucky, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, and South Carolina – reduced their prison populations. Through the Initiative, states receive federal dollars to assess and improve their criminal justice systems while enhancing public safety. This report chronicles 17 states as they enacted comprehensive criminal justice reforms relying on bipartisan and interbranch collaboration. The study notes common factors that drove prison growth and costs and documents how each state responded with targeted policies.

Publication Date: January 27, 2014Availability: HTML

Bending the Curve on Costly, Overcrowded Federal Prisons will Require Sweeping Reforms (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Federal prisons house almost 10 times the number of inmates as they did in 1980. These facilities, overcapacity by at least a third, are on track to consume over 30 percent of the Department of Justice's budget by 2020. A new study analyzes a slate of options designed to stem this unsustainable growth without compromising public safety. The conclusion: doing so will require major changes in sentencing and early release policies.

Publication Date: November 05, 2013Availability: HTML

LGBT Youth Face Higher Rate of Dating Abuse (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender teenagers are at much greater risk of dating abuse than their heterosexual counterparts, with transgender teens especially vulnerable to victimization. Victims are more likely to be females or transgender youth who are also more likely to be depressed, have lower grades, have committed delinquent acts, and to have a history of sexual activity. This is one of the first examinations of dating violence and abuse through the distinct lens of sexual orientation and of gender identity.

Publication Date: September 06, 2013Availability: HTML

Nonstandard Work Schedules and the Well-being of Low-Income Families (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Forty percent of full-time workers toiling outside the traditional daytime weekday schedule bring home paychecks that put them in the lowest wage quartile, an Urban Institute analysis shows. Among all full-time employees with very low wages, 25 percent work most of their hours on a nonstandard schedule.

Publication Date: July 31, 2013Availability: HTML

Student Loan Debt: Widespread and Worrisome (Press Release)
Urban Institute

One in five adults age 20 and older have student loan debt and more than half of them worry they may be unable to repay their obligations, according to a new study from the Urban Institute's Opportunity and Ownership Project.

Publication Date: June 26, 2013Availability: HTML

The Black Family: Five Decades After the Moynihan Report (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Daniel Patrick Moynihan's 1965 report, "The Negro Family: The Case for National Action," provoked a firestorm of debate in its probing of the roots of black poverty and the decline of the black nuclear family. Nearly five decades later, "The Moynihan Report Revisited" gauges how the circumstances of black families have changed and how they compare with other racial and ethnic groups; documents how blacks still suffer from intersecting disadvantages that Moynihan referred to as a "tangle of pathologies"; and suggests ways to improve the circumstances of black families and reduce racial disparities.

Publication Date: June 13, 2013Availability: HTML

Urban Institute Welcomes New Housing Finance Experts (Press Release)
Urban Institute

The Urban Institute welcomes leading experts in housing finance to join forces with its current researchers on affordable housing and consumer finance. Urban Institute President Sarah Rosen Wartell, herself a public policy and housing markets expert, celebrated the arrival of the Institute’s newest leaders

Publication Date: June 06, 2013Availability: HTML

From Boise to the Beltway, Officials and Administrators Offer Lessons on Making Work Supports More Effective and Efficient (Press Release)
Urban Institute

State and federal officials spanning political perspectives can find common ground in helping low-income working families get and keep the public benefits they are eligible for, according to a collection of commentaries published by the Urban Institute. Streamlining and integrating health and human services programs can reduce the burden on states and help families, the officials explain.

Publication Date: June 05, 2013Availability: HTML

Bus(ted): Transit Services for Older Americans (Press Release)
Urban Institute

Transportation services for older Americans are underfunded and underdeveloped. These services are not meeting the needs of older travelers today and will, if unchanged, be even less beneficial in the future.

Publication Date: May 30, 2013Availability: HTML

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